Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Charles W. Finkl, Christopher Makowski

Tectonics and Neotectonics

  • Paolo A. Pirazzoli
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48657-4_310-2

Introduction

Rock deformation caused by the structure of the earth (e.g., folds, faults, joints, cleavage) is often the only kind of tectonic deformation considered by geological manuals, giving the impression that areas devoid of such type of deformation are “tectonically stable.” However, according to the American Geological Institute (1960), “tectonic” is defined as “designating the rock structure and external forms resulting from the deformation of the earth crust.” This definition implies that all processes which modify the external form of the crust, also when they result from forces external to the earth, have to be considered tectonic. This is the case, for example, for unidirectional vertical movements produced by earth surface processes of weathering and erosion (sedimento-isostasy), and also for rise and fall of the solid earth surface, especially in coastal areas, caused by external factors such as climate change (glacio-isostasy, hydro-isostasy) or eventually, at a...

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ParisFrance