Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Charles W. Finkl, Christopher Makowski

South America, Coastal Geomorphology

  • Norbert P. Psuty
  • Chizuko Mizobe
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48657-4_296-2

Investigation into the coastal geomorphology of Latin America does not have a lengthy history, but there are some indications that Latins and others are turning their attention to this important area (Psuty 1970; Tavares Corrêa 1996; Bittencourt et al. 1999; Klein et al. 2002). Large portions of the coastal zone remain unstudied in detail, and frequently only general descriptions exist (Putnam et al. 1960; Dolan et al. 1972; Bird and Schwartz 1985). Questions about regional correlations of depositional and erosional features must await basic research into topical problems. However, the following interpretation of the coastal geomorphology of South America is presented as a base upon which to build many future layers of information.

Colombia

From Venezuela to the east to the border with Panama to the west, the Caribbean coast of Colombia is approximately 1,030 km in length. The Guajira Peninsula is the northernmost arm of the Andean mountain system, and the extreme northeastern tip is...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Notes

Reproduced with minor updates from Psuty, N.P., and Mizobe, C., 1982. South America, Coastal Morphology. In Schwartz, M.L. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Beaches and Coastal Environments. Stroudsburg, PA: Hutchinson Ross, pp. 765–770.

Bibliography

  1. Anderson FM (1927) Nonmarine tertiary deposits of Colombia. Geol Soc Am Bull 38:591–644CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Araya-Vergara JF (1985) Chile. In: Bird ECF, Schwartz ML (eds) The world’s coastline. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, pp 57–67Google Scholar
  3. Ayón H, Jara W (1985) Ecuador. In: Bird ECF, Schwartz ML (eds) The world’s coastline. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, pp 49–52Google Scholar
  4. Bigarella JJ (1965) Sand-ridge structures from Paraná coastal plain. Mar Geol 3:269–278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bird ECF, Ramos VT (1985) Chile. In: Bird ECF, Schwartz ML (eds) The world’s coastline. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, pp 53–56Google Scholar
  6. Bird ECF, Schwartz ML (1985) The world’s coastline. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. Bittencourt ACSP, Dominguez JML, Ussami N (1999) Flexure as a tectonic control on the large scale characteristics of the Eastern Brazil Coastal Zone. J Coast Res 15(2):505–519Google Scholar
  8. Börgel R (1967) Correlaciones fluviomarinas en la desembocadura del Rio Choapa. Informaciones Geográficas 13–14:55–68Google Scholar
  9. Broggi JA (1946) Las terrazas marinas de la Bahía de San Juan en Ica. Sociedad Geológica del Peru, Boletin 19:21–33Google Scholar
  10. Chebataroff J (1960) Sedimentacion Platense. Inst Estud Super, Rev., Año 4(7): 544–566Google Scholar
  11. Codignotto JO, Kokot RR, Marcomini SC (1992) Neotectonism and sea-level changes in the coastal zone of Argentina. J Coast Res 8(1):125–133Google Scholar
  12. Craig AK, Psuty NP (1968) The Paracas papers: studies in marine desert ecology. Florida Atlantic University, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  13. Cruz O, Coutinho PN, Duarte GM, Gomes A, Muehe D (1985) Brazil. In: Bird ECF, Schwartz ML (eds) The world’s coastline. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, pp 85–89Google Scholar
  14. Cuadrado DG, Perillo GME (1997) Migration of intertidal sandbanks, Bahia Blanca Estuary, Argentina. J Coast Res 13(1):155–163Google Scholar
  15. Delaney PJV (1963) Quaternary geologic history of the coastal plain of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Coastal studies series no. 7. Louisiana State University Press, Baton RougeGoogle Scholar
  16. Delaney PJV (1966) Geology and Geomorphology of the Coastal Plain of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil and Northern Uruguay. Coastal studies series no. 15. Louisiana State University Press, Baton RougeGoogle Scholar
  17. Dolan R, Hayden B, Hornberger G, Zieman J, Vincent M (1972) Classification of the coastal environments of the world, part 1: the Americas. University of Virginia, Department of Environmental Sciences, CharlottesvilleGoogle Scholar
  18. Ellenberg L (1985) Venezuela. In: Bird ECF, Schwartz ML (eds) The world’s coastline. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, pp 105–113Google Scholar
  19. Etchichury MC, Remiro JR (1967) Los sedimentos litorales de la provincia de Santa Cruz entre Dungeness y Punta Desengaño. Rev Museo Argent Ciencias Naturales – Geología 6:323–376Google Scholar
  20. Fuenzalida H, Cooke R, Paskoff R, Segerstrom K, Weischet W (1965) High stands of Quaternary sea level along the Chilean coast. In: Wright HE Jr, Frey DG (eds) International studies on the quaternary. Geological Society of America, Boulder, pp 473–496Google Scholar
  21. Isla FI (1997) Seasonal behaviour of Mar Chiquita tidal inlet in relation to adjacent beaches, Argentina. J Coast Res 13(4):1221–1232Google Scholar
  22. Jackson JM (1985) Uruguay. In: Bird ECF, Schwartz ML (eds) The world’s coastline. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, pp 79–84Google Scholar
  23. Jaramillo E, Contreras H, Bollinger A (2002) Beach and faunal response to the construction of a seawall in a sandy beach of south central Chile. J Coast Res 18(3):523–529Google Scholar
  24. Klein AHF, Filho LB, Schumacher DH (2002) Short-term beach rotation processes in distinct headland bay beach systems. J Coast Res 18(3):442–458Google Scholar
  25. Kokot RR (1997) Littoral drift, evolution and management in Punta Medanos, Argentina. J Coast Res 13(1):192–197Google Scholar
  26. Lanfredi NW, Pousa JL, D’Onofrio EE (1998) Sea-level rise and related potential hazards on the Argentine coast. J Coast Res 14(1):47–60Google Scholar
  27. Martinez JO, Gonzalez JL, Pilkey OH, Neal WJ (1995) Tropical barrier islands of Colombia’s Pacific Coast. J Coast Res 11(2):432–453Google Scholar
  28. Martinez JO, Gonzales JL, Pilkey OH, Neal WJ (2000) Barrier island evolution on the subsiding central Pacific Coast, Colombia, SA. J Coast Res 16(3):663–674Google Scholar
  29. Morton RA, Gonzalez JL, Lopez GI, Corrêa ID (2000) Frequent non-storm washover of barrier islands, Pacific Coast of Colombia. J Coast Res 16(1):82–87Google Scholar
  30. Parsons JR, Psuty NP (1975) Sunken fields and prehispanic subsistence on the Peruvian coast. Am Antiq 40:259–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Pino M, Jaramillo E (1992) Morphology, texture and mineralogical composition of sandy beaches in the south of Chile. J Coast Res 8(3):593–602Google Scholar
  32. Psuty NP (1970) Contributions to the coastal geomorphology of Latin America. In: Lentneck B, Carmin RL, Martinson TL (eds) Geographic research on Latin America: benchmark. Ball State University, Muncie, pp 250–264Google Scholar
  33. Psuty NP (1978) Peruvian shoreline stability/instability during stillstand of sea level. International Geographical Union Regional Conference, Commission on Coastal Environments, LagosGoogle Scholar
  34. Psuty NP (1985) Surinam. In: Bird ECF, Schwartz ML (eds) The world’s coastline. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, pp 99–101Google Scholar
  35. Putnam WC, Axelrod DI, Bailey HP, McGill JT (1960) Natural coastal environments of the world. University of California, Department of Geography, Los AngelesGoogle Scholar
  36. Reed DJ (1989) Environments of tidal marsh deposition in Laguna San Rafael area, Southern Chile. J Coast Res 5(4):845–856Google Scholar
  37. Richards HG, Broecker W (1963) Emerged Holocene South American shorelines. Science 141:1044–1045CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Rutter N, Radtke U, Schnack EJ (1990) Comparison of ESR and amino acid data in correlating and dating Quaternary shorelines along the Patagonian coast, Argentina. J Coast Res 6(2):391–411Google Scholar
  39. Schnack EJ (1985) Argentina. In: Bird ECF, Schwartz ML (eds) The world’s coastline. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, pp 69–78Google Scholar
  40. Schwartz ML (1985) Guyana. In: Bird ECF, Schwartz ML (eds) The world’s coastline. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, pp 103–104Google Scholar
  41. Sheppard G (1930) Notes on the climate and physiography of Southwestern Ecuador. Geol Rev 20:445–453Google Scholar
  42. Tanner WF (1970) Growth rates of Venezuelan beach ridges. Sediment Geol 6:215–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Tavares Corrêa CH (1996) Propuesta de uso suela en las dunas litorales de la provincia de Arauco, VIII Region, Chile. Unpublished Doctoral thesis in Environmental Sciences, Centro EULA-Chile. Concepcion: Universidad de ConcepcionGoogle Scholar
  44. Tessler MG, de Mahiques MM (1993) Utilization of coastal geomorphic features as indicators of longshore transport: examples from the southern coastal region of the state of São Paulo, Brasil. J Coast Res 9(3):823–830Google Scholar
  45. Toldo EE Jr, Dillenburg SR, Correa ICS, Almeida LESB (2000) Holocene sedimentation in Lagoa dos Patos Lagoon, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. J Coast Res 16(3):816–822Google Scholar
  46. Turenne JF (1985) French Guiana. In: Bird ECF, Schwartz ML (eds) The world’s coastline. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, pp 93–97Google Scholar
  47. Twilley RR, Cardenas W, Rivera Monroy VH, Espinoza J, Suescum R, Armijos MM, Solorzano L (2000) The Gulf of Guayaquil and the Guayas River estuary, Ecuador. Ecol Stud 144:245–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Urien CM (1970) Les rivages et le plateau continental du Sud du Brésil, de l’Uruguay ey de l’Argentine. Quaternaria 12:57–69Google Scholar
  49. Urien CM (1972) Rio de la Plata estuary environments. Geol Soc Am Bull 133:213–234Google Scholar
  50. Van Andel TH (1967) The Orinoco delta. J Sediment Petrol 37:297–310Google Scholar
  51. Van Andel TH, Laborel J (1964) Recent high relative sea level stand near Recife, Brazil. Science 145:580–581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Vann JH (1959) The physical geography of the lower coastal plain of the Guiana coast. Louisiana State University, Department of Geography and Anthropology, New OrleansGoogle Scholar
  53. Vieira JR, Lanfredi NW (1996) A hydrodynamic model for the Rio de la Plata, Argentina. J Coast Res 12(2):430–446Google Scholar
  54. Warne AG, Guevara EH, Aslan A (2002) Late Quaternary evolition of the Orinoco Delta. J Coast Res 18(2):225–253Google Scholar
  55. Weischet W (1959) Geographisches beobachtungen auf einer forschungsreise in Chile. Erdkunde 13:6–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Wells JT, Coleman JM (1978) Longshore transport of mud by waves: northeastern coast of South America. Geol Mijnb 57:353–359Google Scholar
  57. West RC (1956) Mangrove swamps of the Pacific coast of Colombia. Assoc Am Geogr Ann 45:98–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Zonnenfeld JIS (1954) Waarnemingen langs de kust van Surinam, Koninkl. Tijdschrift van het Nederlandsch Aardrijkskundig Gerootschap 71:18–31Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Sandy Hook Cooperative Research ProgramsRutgers UniversityHighlandsUSA