Nanopowdered h-BN as a Wear-Reducing Eco-Friendly Material

  • Archil Gachechiladze
  • Otar Tsagareishvili
  • Boris Margiev
  • Leri Rukhadze
  • Maguli Darchiashvili
  • Levan Chkhartishvili
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Nanopowders of materials with layered structures, widely used in techniques as solid lubricants or liquid lubricants’ additives, usually contain environmental contaminants such as heavy metals, sulfur, carbon in the form of graphite, etc. Nanopowdered hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) can serve for their “green” alternative due to its high thermal stability and high chemical inertness. Here is an overview of the literature available on nanopowdered h-BN lubricants. In particular, some novel brass- and iron-based composites with friction modifying h-BN nanoinclusions are introduced.

References

  1. 1.
    Erdemir A (2009) Advances in boron-based lubricants and lubricant additives. In: Konuk A, Kurama H, Ak H, Iphar M (eds) Proceedings of the 4th international boron symposium. The Chamber of Mining Engineers of Turkey, Ankara, pp 3–9Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Becker R, Chkhartishvili L, Martin P (2015) Tribological applications for boron. Vac Technol Coat 16(10):36–41Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Greco A, Mistry K, Sista V, Eryilmaz O, Erdemir A (2011) Friction and wear behavior of boron based surface treatment and nanoparticles lubricant additives for wind turbine gearbox applications. Wear 271:1754–1760CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chkhartishvili L, Tabatadze G, Nachkebia D, Bzhalava T, Kalandadze I (2016) Hexagonal boron nitride as a solid lubricant additive (An overview). Nano Stud 14:91–98Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kimura Y, Wakabayashi T, Okada K, Wada T, Nishikawa H (1999) Boron nitride as a lubricant additive. Wear 232:199–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ladaviere R, Martin JM, le Mogne T, Vacher B, Constans B, Iovine S (2003) Tribochemistry: friction-induced lamellar solids from lubricant additives. Tribol Interface Eng Ser 41:15–22Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pawlak Z, Pai R, Bayraktar E, Kaldonski T, Oloyede A (2008) Lamellar lubrication in vivo and vitro: friction testing of hexagonal boron nitride. Bio Systems 94:202–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Fujii H, Nakae H, Okada K (1993) Application of wetting to fabrication of boron nitride/aluminum composites. In: Chandra T, Dhingra AK (eds) Proceedings of the international conference on advanced composite materials. The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, Warrendale, pp 1001–1007Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Burcan J, Krzeminski K (1996) Effect of lubricant additives on operation of machine friction pairs. Sci Bull Lodz Tech Univ Mech Eng 85:31–36Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yao J (1997) Antiwear function and mechanism of borate containing nitrogen. Tribol Int 30:387–389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Qiao Y, Xu B, Ma S, Liu S, Liu W, Xue Q (1998) Investigation on tribological properties of modified borate as oil additive. Tribol (Mocaxue Xuebao) 18:25–31Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yao JB, Wang QL, Chen SQ, Sun JZ, Dong JX (2002) Borate esters used as lubricant additives. Lubr Sci 14:415–423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Yu X, Wang C-B, Jiang G-W (2004) Structure and tribological behavior of Si–B–N composite film. Tribol (Mocaxue Xuebao) 24:119–122Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pawlak Z, Kaldonski T, Lisewski M, Oloyede A (2009) Fretting of a steel surface in the presence of grease compounded with boron nitride (h-BN). In: Proceedings of the world tribology congress 2009, Kyoto, pp 814–814Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pawlak Z, Kaldonski T, Pai R, Bayraktar E, Oloyede A (2009) A comparative study on the tribological behavior of hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) as lubricating microparticles – an additive in porous sliding bearings for a car clutch. Wear 267:1198–1202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Yan H, Wang AH, Zhang XL, Huang ZW, Wang WY, Xie JP (2010) Nd:YAG laser cladding Ni base alloy/nano-h-BN self-lubricating composite coatings. Mater Sci Technol 26:461–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Pawlak Z, Kaldonski T, Lisewski M, Urbaniak W, Oloyede A (2012) The effect of hexagonal boron nitride additive on the effectiveness of grease-based lubrication of a steel surface. Ind Lubr Tribol 64:84–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Watanabe S, Miyake S, Murakawa M (1991) Tribological properties of cubic, amorphous and hexagonal boron nitride films. Surf Coat Technol 49:406–410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ouyang J-H, Murakami T, Sasaki S, Li Y-F, Wang Y-M, Umeda Zhou KY (2008) High temperature tribology and solid lubrication of advanced ceramics. Key Eng Mater 368–372:1088–1091CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Chen W, Gao Y, Ju F, Wang Y (2009) Tribochemical behavior of Si3N4–h-BN ceramic materials with water lubrication. J Xi'an Jiaotong Univ 43(9):75–80Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wang HG, Wang F, Song YP, Zhang KF (2011) Friction and flow behavior of ceramics in ring compression test. Adv Mater Res 154–155:1752–1756Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Lee SM, Nam G, Lee JW (2003) The effect of boron nitride particles and hot-pressed boron nitride die on the capillary melt flow processing of polyethylene. Adv Polym Technol 22:343–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Vogel R, Hatzikiriakos SG (2004) Rheological evaluation of metallocene polyethylenes with processing aids by multi-wave oscillations. Polym Eng Sci 44:2047–2051CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ochoa I, Hatzikiriakos SG, Mitsoulis E (2006) Paste extrusion of polytetrafluoroethylene: temperature, blending and processing aid effects. Int Polym Proc 21:497–503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Yi G, Yan F (2006) Effect of hexagonal boron nitride and calcined petroleum coke on friction and wear behavior of phenolic resin-based friction composites. Mater Sci Eng A 425:330–338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Buckley DH (1978) Friction and transfer behavior of pyrolytic boron nitride in contact with various metals. ASLE Trans 21:118–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Chatterjee Sh MJD, Shariff SM, Padmanabham G, Choudhury AR (2012) Effect of laser post-treatment on Al2O3–TiB2–TiN composite coating with free hBN. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 61:559–567CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Emura S, Kawajiri M, Min X, Yamamoto S, Sakuraya K, Tsuzaki K (2012) Machinability improvement and its mechanism in SUS304 austenitic stainless steel by h-BN addition. J Iron Steel Inst Jpn 98:358–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Mahathanabodee S, Palathai T, Raadnui S, Tongsri R, Sombatsompo N (2013) Effects of hexagonal boron nitride and sintering temperature on mechanical and tribological properties of SS316L/h-BN composites. Mater Des 46:588–597CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Sakuraya K, Okada H, Abe F (2006) BN type inclusions formed in high Cr ferritic heat resistant steel. Energy Mater 1:158–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Wang Y-N, Bao Y-P, Wang M, Zhang L-C (2013) Precipitation behavior of BN type inclusions in 42CrMo steel. Int J Miner Metall Mater 20:28–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Mridha S, Taib NI, Idriss AN (2012) Composite coating on steel surfaces by adding TiC and h-BN particulates under TIG torch melting. Adv Mater Res 576:463–466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Karwan-Baczewska J, Rosso M (2001) Effect of boron on microstructure and mechanical properties of PM sintered and nitrided steels. Powd Metall Met Ceram 44:221–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Garbuz VV, Kostenetskaya LI, Petrishchev VY, Churakov MM (1991) Interaction between boron nitride and molybdenum in the conditions of formation of pseudoalloys. Powder Metall Met Ceram 30:73–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Takahashi T, Itoh H, Takeuchi A (1979) Chemical vapor deposition of hexagonal boron nitride thick film on iron. J Cryst Growth 47:245–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Warner TE, Fray DJ (2000) Nitriding of iron boride to hexagonal boron nitride. J Mater Sci 35:5341–5345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Babonneau D, Pailloux F, Eymery J-P, Denanot M-F, Guerin P, Fonda E, Lyon O (2005) Spontaneous organization of columnar nanoparticles in Fe–BN nanocomposite films. Phys Rev B 71(1–11):035430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Essafti A, Abouelaoualim A, Fierro JLG, ech-Chamikh E (2009) Structural and optical properties of amorphous oxygenated iron boron nitride thin films produced by reactive co-sputtering. Thin Solid Films 517:4281–4285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Vinogradov NA, Zakharov AA, Ng ML, Mikkelsen A, Lundgren E, Martensson N, Preobrajenski AB (2012) One-dimensional corrugation of the h-BN monolayer on Fe(110). Langmuir 28:1775–1781CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Hubacek M, Sato T (1997) The effect of copper on the crystallization of hexagonal boron nitride. J Mater Sci 32:3293–3297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Chatterjee S, Luo Z, Acerce M, Yates DM, Johnson ATC, Sneddon LG (2011) Chemical vapor deposition of boron nitride nanosheets on metallic substrates via decaborane/ammonia. Chem Mater 23:4414–4416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Guo N, Wei J, Fan L, Jia Y, Liang D, Zhu H, Wang K, Wu D (2012) Controllable growth of triangular hexagonal boron nitride domains on copper foils by an improved low-pressure chemical deposition method. Nanotechnology 23(1–4):415605CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Joshi S, Ecija D, Koitz R, Iannuzzi M, Seitsonen AP, Hutter J, Sachdev H, Vijayaraghavan S, Bischoff F, Seufert K, Barth JV, Auwarter W (2012) Boron nitride on Cu(111): an electronically corrugated monolayer. Nano Lett 12:5821–5828CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Kim KK, Hsu A, Jia X, Kim SM, Shi Y, Hofmann M, Nezich D, J F R–N, Dresselhaus M, Palacios T, Kong J (2012) Synthesis of monolayer hexagonal boron nitride on Cu foil using chemical vapor deposition. Nano Lett 12:161–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Suzuki S, Hibino H (2012) Chemical vapor deposition of hexagonal boron nitride. e-J Surf Sci Nanotechnol 10:133–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Gomez Diaz J, Ding Y, Koitz R, Seitsonen AP, Iannuzzi M, Hutter J (2013) Hexagonal boron nitride on transition metal surfaces. Theor Chem Accounts 132(1–17):4Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Roth S, Matsui F, T G, Osterwalder J (2013) Chemical vapor deposition and characterization of aligned and incommensurate graphene/hexagonal boron nitride heterostack on Cu(111). Nano Lett 13:2668–2675CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Natterer FD, Patthey F, Brune H (2012) Ring state for single transition metal atoms on boron nitride on Rh(111). Phys Rev Lett 109(1–4):066101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Natterer FD, Patthey F, Brune H (2012) Erratum: ring state for single transition metal atoms on boron nitride on Rh(111) (Physical Review Letters (2012) 109 (066101)). Phys Rev Lett 109(1–1):089901Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Perevertajlo VM, Loginova OB, Petrusha IA, Svirid AA (1996) Wettability of pyrolytical boron nitride by the metallic melts. J Superhard Mater 2:12–16Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Sen D, Thapa R, Bhattacharjee K, Chattopadhyay KK (2012) Site dependent metal adsorption on (3 × 3) h-BN monolayer: stability, magnetic and optical properties. Comput Mater Sci 51:165–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Chkhartishvili L (2012) Morphology model for nano-powdered boron nitride lubricants. In: Gerasimov A, Chkhartishvili L (eds) Contents of the 2nd international conference “nanotechnologies”. Nekeri, Tbilisi, pp 86–99Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Chkhartishvili L (2012) Correlation between surface specific area and particles average size: hexagonal boron nitride nano-powders. Nano Stud 6:65–76Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Chkhartishvili LS, Tsagareishvili OA, Gabunia DL, Margiev BG, Gachechiladze AA, Tavadze GF (2012) Determination of specific surface of boron nitride nanopowders from particles average size. In: Abstracts of the conference “powder metallurgy: its present & future”. Institute for Problems in Materials Science, Kyiv, pp 240–240Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Chkhartishvili L, Matcharashvili T, Esiava R, Tsagareishvili O, Gabunia D, Margiev B, Gachechiladze A (2013) Powdered hexagonal boron nitride reducing nano-scale wear. In: Borisenko VE, Gaponenko SV, Gurin VS, Kam CH (eds) Physics, chemistry and application of nanostructures. World Scientific, Singapore, pp 438–440Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Tsagareishvili OA, Chkhartishvili LS, Gabunia DL, Margiev BG, Gachechiladze AA, Tavadze GF (2015) Calculation of specific surface of nanocrystalline powders: hexagonal boron nitride. Mater Sci Nano Struct 2–4:69–77Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Huang JY, Yasuda H, Mori H (2000) HRTEM and EELS studies on the amorphization of hexagonal boron nitride induced by ball milling. J Am Ceram Soc 83:403–409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Camurlu HE, Topkaya Y, Sevinc N (2004) Investigation of the role of boron carbide during carbothermic formation of hexagonal boron nitride. In: Ozdag H, Akdas H, Bozkurt V, Iphar M (eds) Proceedings of the 2nd international boron symposium. The Chamber of Mining Engineers of Turkey, Ankara, pp 189–194Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Wood GL, Janik JF, Visi MZ, Schubert DM, Paine RT (2005) New borate precursors for boron nitride powder synthesis. Chem Mater 17:1855–1859CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Ghosh J, Mazumdar S, Das M, Ghatak S, Basu AK (2008) Microstructural characterization of amorphous and nanocrystalline boron nitride prepared by high-energy ball milling. Mater Res Bull 43:1023–1031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Camurlu HE, Topkaya Y, Sevinc N (2009) Catalytic effect of alkaline earth oxides on carbothermic formation of hexagonal boron nitride. Ceram Int 35:2271–2275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Kemaloglu S, Ozkoc G, Aytac A (2009) Effect of particle size and structure of boron nitride on the physical properties of SEBS/EVA based thermal conducting polymer composites. In: Konuk A, Kurama H, Ak H, Iphar M (eds) Proceedings of the 4th international boron symposium. The Chamber of Mining Engineers of Turkey, Ankara, pp 291–301Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Altinoglu T, Ay N (2009) Utilization of atritor mill in boron nitride production. In: Konuk A, Kurama H, Ak H, Iphar M (eds) Proceedings of the 4th international boron symposium. The Chamber of Mining Engineers of Turkey, Ankara, pp 309–314Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Ermullahoglu O, Ermullahoglu CB (2002) Production of boron nitride. In: Erarslan K (ed) Proceedings of the 1st international boron symposium. The Chamber of Mining Engineers of Turkey, Ankara, pp 124–128Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Wu JCS, Fan Y-C, Lin C-A (2003) Deep oxidation of methanol using a novel Pt/boron nitride catalyst. Ind Eng Chem Res 42:3225–3229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Tokmak B (2004) Boron end products and experiences of BM boron technologies. In: Ozdag H, Akdas H, Bozkurt V, Iphar M (eds) Proceedings of the 2nd international boron symposium. The Chamber of Mining Engineers of Turkey, Ankara, pp 105–108Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    Ay N, Tore I (2006) The effect of thermal process on the crystallization of hexagonal boron nitride. In: Guyaguler T, Karakas S, Ozdemir Z, Karakas A, Bukulmez A, Sonmezer O (eds) Proceedings of the 3rd international boron symposium. The Chamber of Mining Engineers of Turkey, Ankara, pp 359–365Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Camurlu HE, Sevinc N, Topkaya Y (2008) Effect of calcium carbonate addition on carbothermic formation of hexagonal boron nitride. J Eur Ceram Soc 28:679–689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Camurlu HE (2009) Effect of copper and calcium oxide on carbothermic formation of hexagonal boron nitride. In: Konuk A, Kurama H, Ak H, Iphar M (eds) Proceedings of the 4th international boron symposium. The Chamber of Mining Engineers of Turkey, Ankara, pp 117–121Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Chkhartishvili L (2009) Boron nitride nanosystems of regular geometry. J Phys Conf Ser 176(1–17):012014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Harrison WA (1980) Electronic structure and the properties of solids: the physics of the chemical bond, vol 1. Freeman, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Margiev BG, Chedia RV, Gachechiladze AA, Chkhartishvili LS, Kupreishvili IL, Mikeladze AG, Gabunia DL, Tsagareishvili OA (2012) Production of nanocrystalline boron nitride by chemical synthesis. In: Abstracts of the 3rd international Samsonov memorial conference “materials science of refractory compounds”. Institute for Problems in Materials Science – Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, Kyiv, pp 204–204Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Chkhartishvili L, Darchiashvili M, Gachechiladze A, Margiev B, Rukhadze L, Tsagareishvili O (2013) Effect of nanocrystalline boron nitride on wear processes in brass. In: Proceedings of the international conference & exhibition on advanced & nano materials – 2013. International Academy of Energy, Minerals and Materials, Quebec-City, pp 245–252Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Chkhartishvili L, Darchiashvili M, Gachechiladze A, Margiev B, Rukhadze L, Tsagareishvili O (2013) Influence of hexagonal boron nitride nanocrystals on wear processes in brass. Nano Stud 7:169–176Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Tsagareishvili O, Gachechiladze A, Darchiashvili M, Margiev B, Rukhadze L, Chkhartishvili L (2014) Friction processes in metallic composite materials modified with hexagonal boron nitride. In: Abstracts of the 18th international symposium on boron, borides & related materials. University of Hawaii, Honolulu, pp 135–135Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Tsagareishvili O, Gachechiladze A, Darchiashvili M, Margiev B, Rukhadze L, Chkhartishvili L (2014) Wear processes in metallic composites modified with boron nitride. In: Gerasomov A, Chkhartishvili L, Chikhladze G (eds) Abstracts of the 3rd international conference “nanotechnologies”. Georgian Technical University, Tbilisi, pp 111–112Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Gachechiladze A, Tsagareishvili O, Darchiashvili M, Margiev B, Rukhadze L, Chkhartishvili L (2015) Antifrictional metallic materials modified with hexagonal boron nitride. In: Khantadze J, Chkhartishvili L, Ramazashvili D, Tavadze L (eds) Proceedings of the 2nd international conference “modern technologies & methods of inorganic materials science”. Sachino, Tbilisi, pp 121–131Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Archil Gachechiladze
    • 1
  • Otar Tsagareishvili
    • 1
  • Boris Margiev
    • 1
  • Leri Rukhadze
    • 1
  • Maguli Darchiashvili
    • 1
  • Levan Chkhartishvili
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Boron-Containing & Composite MaterialsFerdinand Tavadze Institute of Metallurgy & Materials ScienceTbilisiGeorgia

Personalised recommendations