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CO2 Sequestration and Transformation Potential of Agricultural System

  • M. L. Dotaniya
  • C. K. Dotaniya
  • R. C. Sanwal
  • H. M. Meena
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Global climate change is one of the burning issues across the length and width of the globe. The increasing concentration of greenhouse gases (GHGs) is most responsible for the climate change phenomenon. The increasing temperature of the environment affects agricultural production systems and the production potential of natural resources. Among the GHGs, carbon dioxide (CO2) gas plays a vital role in ecosystem sustainability and maintaining ecological functioning. Agricultural systems hold great potential in terms of CO2 sequestration and transformation for mitigating the adverse effects of climate change. Plant dynamics and soil processes are affected by increasing temperature and CO2 concentration. In temperature-limited regions, crops yields have increased, but tropical regions have been adversely affected. The processes of respiration and photosynthesis are mediated by climate change. Soil ecosystem services are also being disturbed as demonstrated by modifications in soil microbial populations and diversity. Among ecosystems, the agricultural ecosystem is most affected by fractional changes in temperature and CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere. Climate mitigation options are needed, and forceful implementation and monitoring of environmental laws and regulations can help to minimize GHG emissions. Increasing the size of the green carpet, or afforestation, is an integral part of climate change mitigation options across the globe. Awareness among people regarding GHG emissions and their adverse effect on agricultural productivity is also a present demand. In this chapter, we will discuss various issues related to carbon sequestration, factors as well as climate change mitigation strategies, factors and CO2 potential and mitigation strategies.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. L. Dotaniya
    • 1
  • C. K. Dotaniya
    • 2
  • R. C. Sanwal
    • 2
  • H. M. Meena
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Environmental Soil ScienceICAR-Indian Institute of Soil ScienceBhopalIndia
  2. 2.College of AgricultureSKRAUBikanerIndia
  3. 3.ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research InstituteJodhpurIndia

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