Advertisement

Radiation Protection

  • Claus GrupenEmail author
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Radiation protection is a very important aspect for the application of particle detectors in many different fields, like high-energy physics, medicine, material science, oil and mineral exploration, and arts, to name a few. The knowledge of radiation units, the experience with shielding, and information on biological effects of radiation are vital for scientists handling radioactive sources or operating accelerators or X-ray equipment. This article describes the modern radiation units and their conversions to older units which are still in use in many countries. Typical radiation sources and detectors used in the field of radiation protection are presented. The legal regulations in nearly all countries follow closely the recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). Tables and diagrams with relevant information on the handling of radiation sources provide useful data for the researcher working in this field.

Notes

Acknowledgements

It is a pleasure to thank Mrs. Arzu Ergüzel for a very careful reading of the manuscript and Dr. Tilo Stroh for his efficient help in layouting this article in a professional way in LATE X.

References

  1. German Strahlenschutzgesetz (Radiation Protection Law) (2016) Minesterial Draft, Sept 2016; www.fs-ev.org; see news from 28 Sept 2016. Accessed 23 Apr 2018
  2. Grupen C (2009) Introduction to radiation protection. Springer, Heidelberg/New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Grupen C, Rodgers M (2017) Radioactivity and radiation: what they are, what they do, and how to harness them. Springer, HeidelbergGoogle Scholar
  4. Grupen C, Shwartz B (2008) Particle detectors. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kalthoff O (1996) Berechnung der Photopeakeffizienz für koaxiale Reinst-Germaniumdetektoren. Diploma Thesis, SiegenGoogle Scholar
  6. Kraft G (2000) Tumortherapy with ion beams. Nucl Inst Methods Phys Res A 454:1ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kraft G (2012) Tumour therapy with ion beams, and references therein. In: Grupen C, Buvat I (eds) Handbook of particle detection and imaging. Springer, HeidelbergGoogle Scholar
  8. Krieger H (2002) Strahlenphysik, Dosimetrie und Strahlenschutz. Teubner Verlag, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  9. MIRION Technologies (2010) https://www.mirion.com/. Accessed Apr 2018 and https://www.mirion.com/introduction-to-radiation-safety/types-of-ionizing-radiation/#. Accessed 23 Apr 2018
  10. MIT Energy Initiative (2011) The Future of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle. http://energy.mit.edu/research/future-nuclear-fuel-cycle/. Accessed 23 Apr 2018
  11. Olive KA et al (2014) Review of particle physics, Particle data group. Chin Phys C 38(9):090001ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Radonlab (2018) Oslo http://www.radonlab.com/. Accessed 23 Apr 2018. see also ‘Integrated Radon Measurements’ by Tuukka Turtiainen. https://www.envir.ee/sites/default/files/radoon_2._integrated_radon_measurements.pdf; Accessed 23 Apr 2018, and http://www.radonlab.com/en/radon-measurements/track-etch-detectors; Accessed Apr 2018 and private communication with the manager of Eurofins Radonlab; reproduced with permission from Alexander Birovljev; Eurofins RadonLab, Oslo, 2018
  13. Michel R (2016) Strahlenschutzpraxis, vol 3, pp 13–45Google Scholar
  14. Sauter E (1982) Grundlagen des Strahlenschutzes. Thiemig, MünchenGoogle Scholar
  15. The National Association for Proton Therapy (2016) Roberts Proton Therapy Center at University of Pennsylvania Health System, Penn Medicine Hospitals. http://proton-therapy.org/. Accessed 23 Apr 2018Google Scholar
  16. Unger LM, Trubey DK (1982) Specific Gamma-Ray dose constants for Nuclides important to dosimetry and radiological assessment. ORNL/RSIC-45/R1Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsSiegen UniversitySiegenGermany

Personalised recommendations