Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Perissodactyla Cognition

  • Konstanze KruegerEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_903-1



Perissodactyla comprise the tapirs (Tapiridae), the rhinos (Rhinocerotidae), and the equids (Equidae). In order to evaluate their cognitive capacities, it is important to consider the species’ social and environmental challenges (Griffin et al. 2017). Only by knowing the challenges, to which animals have to adapt, their cognitive capacities can be relativized to other species, for example, if humans are not encountered on regular basis, animals may not need to learn how to read human given cues, even though they may be able to do so in a captive situation.

The Perissodactyla show large variation in their social organization, and in the environments in which they live. All Perissodactyla species are heavily hunted and some species, such as the Asian Baird’s tapir (T. bairdii), the Malayan tapir (T. indicus), the Indian rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis), and the Javan...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty Agriculture, Economics and Management, Department Equine EconomicsNuertingen-Geislingen UniversityNürtingenGermany
  2. 2.Department of Zoology/Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of RegensburgRegensburgGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Lauren Guillette
    • 1
  1. 1.University of St. AndrewsSt. AndrewsUK