Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Arthropod Diet

  • Leah F. Leonard
  • Kristine O. Evans
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_810-1



An arthropod is an invertebrate animal in the phylum Arthropoda. The nomenclature of arthropod is a nod to the invertebrates “jointed” (arthros) “legs” (pod) (Tugel and Lewandowski 2001). Diet is simply coined as the food an individual consumes for the purposes of health and survival.


Arthropods do not have a backbone or internal skeleton, but instead rely on a hard outer exoskeleton made of chiton for protection. Arthropoda is a diverse phylum that includes animals such as beetles, ants, crustaceans, spiders, ticks, centipedes, millipedes, and scorpions. These animals are often soil dwellers and provide the benefit of soil aeration and mixing as they move about. Marine arthropods provide the same benefit to the ocean floor as well.

Arthropods exhibit a wide array of feeding modes such as carnivory, herbivory, detrivory (organic matter produced by the decomposition of organisms), fungal feeders, filter...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ForestryMississippi State UniversityMississippi StateUSA
  2. 2.Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and AquacultureMississippi State UniversityMississippi StateUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Mystera M. Samuelson
    • 1
  1. 1.The Institute for Marine Mammal StudiesGulfportUSA