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It has been estimated that people have been hunting wildlife within tropical forests for 100,000 and 40,000 years in West and Central Africa and Asia, respectively, and the practice continues today (Milner-Gulland and Bennett 2003; Corlett 2007). In the present day, meat from wild animals that have been hunted, often illegally, for the purposes of consumption for protein (due to the lack of alternative meat sources) and/or to be sold or traded is defined as “bushmeat” (also known as “wild meat”). It is important to highlight that species are not restricted to terrestrial animals, for example, sea turtles and minke whale are also hunted (aka. “marine bushmeat”; see Clapham and Van Waerebeek 2007). Hunting for the purposes of bushmeat has been found to occur mainly in rural and developing areas of Africa, Asia, Oceania, and South America (Ripple et al. 2016). Bushmeat is commercially traded and often regarded as a luxury meat within urban areas. Consumption is driven by taste and the...
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