Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Canopy

  • Abhishek SinghEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_225-1

Definition

Canopy is the crown of any type of vegetation including leaves, branches, twigs, and the flora and fauna residing in it along with their microclimate (environment).

Introduction

The term canopy was first developed during the study of tropical rain forest. However, several other vegetation such as kelp forests, sea grasses, gardens, crop fields, etc. also support canopy. Canopy is an important part of the vegetation especially in forest. It consists of uppermost part of any vegetation along with plants, animals, microbes, and their surrounding environment (Russell 2017).

The forest canopy is most diverse and influencing among the above canopies. Canopy biology is an emerging branch of forest science, which incorporates the study of tree crown and their inhabitants and the interactions among them. The forest canopy is a structurally complex subsystem of forest and which plays a major role in forest ecosystem. The growth of individual tree crown is dependent on the surrounding...

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References

  1. Erwin, T. L. (1995). Measuring arthropod biodiversity in the tropical forest canopy. In M. D. Lowman & N. M. Nadkarni (Eds.), Forest canopies (pp. 109–127). San Diego: Academic.Google Scholar
  2. Erwin, T. L. (2013). Forest canopies, animal diversity. In S. A. Levin (Ed.), Encyclopedia of biodiversity (2nd ed., pp. 511–515). Waltham: Academic.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Erwin, T. L., & Zamorano, L. S. (2017). Forest canopies, animal diversity. In Reference module in life sciences. Waltham: Academic.Google Scholar
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  5. Nadkarni, N. M., Merwin, M. C., & Nieder, J. (2013). Forest canopies, plant diversity. S. A. Levin (Ed.), Encyclopedia of biodiversity (2nd ed., pp. 516–527). Waltham: Academic.Google Scholar
  6. Robinson, M. H. (1986). The fate of the tropics and the fate of man. Zoogoer, 5, 4–10.Google Scholar
  7. Russell, G. (2017). Canopy architecture. In B. Thomas, B. G. Murray, & D. J. Murphy (Eds.), Encyclopedia of applied plant sciences (2nd ed., pp. 13–17). Oxford: Academic.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BotanyBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Mystera M. Samuelson
    • 1
  1. 1.The Institute for Marine Mammal StudiesGulfportUSA