Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Mendel’s Laws

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_2054-1



The set of three laws, proposed by Gregor J. Mendel in the mid-1860s, to explain the biological inheritance or heredity is known as Mendel’s laws. These laws are the law of segregation, law of independent assortment, and law of dominance, and they form the core of classical genetics to date.


Gregor Johann Mendel (1822–1884) was a friar-cum-science teacher in Brno (Austria-Hungary), and known as the father of genetics due to his groundbreaking genetics experiments on sweet pea plants. Though he performed and published his scientific work in the 1860s, significance of his work was not widely recognized until 1900. His scientific results describe the transmission of hereditary information from parent generation to progeny generation. These results helped him to frame three laws of biological inheritance, which led to the foundation of classical genetics. Mendel’s contribution is significant in genetics as he framed these laws during a...


White-flowered Plants Purple Flowers Apparent Blending Monohybrid Cross Biological Inheritance 
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Neural and Cognitive Sciences, School of Medical SciencesUniversity of HyderabadHyderabadIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Akash Gautam
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Neural and Cognitive Sciences, School of Medical SciencesUniversity of HyderabadHyderabadIndia