Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Protogynous Hermaphroditism

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_1950-1

The sexual ontogeny and developmental patterns of organisms are incredibly diverse. Much of this diversity is rooted in interspecific variability in sex allocation, which is the provision of resources to either female or male reproduction in order to optimize reproductive success for individuals and populations. Protogynous hermaphroditismrefers to a life-history characteristic, whereby individuals in a population change sex from functional females to functional males at some point during their life span. Hence, resource investment is more heavily allocated to female reproduction early in the life span, and later this investment switches to male reproduction. Hermaphroditism has been documented in a range of taxa, including both terrestrial and marine invertebrates and vertebrates, but is highly common and very well studied in many families of teleost fishes, particularly coral reef fishes with complex social systems, as is evidenced by the high volume of scientific literature...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric ResearchUniversity of HawaiiHonoluluUSA
  2. 2.Fisheries Research and Monitoring DivisionNOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science CenterHonoluluUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Annika Paukner
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Comparative EthologyEunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human DevelopmentPoolesvilleUSA