Resource Defense Polygyny
Resource defense polygyny is a mating system, whereby males of a species control a resource or territory necessary for successful female reproduction, and in which the male will mate with more than one female during a breeding season.
Resource defense polygyny is one of several different types of mating systems often observed in habitats with variation in the quality and distribution of resources. Different species will require different types of resources when determining habitat quality during the reproductive period. Factors that may increase the likelihood of polygynous behavior include the dependence by the animal on certain features in the habitat and time and resource requirements for male parental care (Emlen and Oring 1977). Polygyny often occurs in habitats with scarce resources. Females may have the capacity to assess resource quality within a male’s territory and tolerate male polygynous behavior if her chance of reproduction...
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