Living Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

pp 1-12

Date: Latest Version

Platyrrhine Cognition

  • Valentina TruppaAffiliated withInstitute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies, National Research Council Email author 
  • , Gloria SabbatiniAffiliated withInstitute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies, National Research Council
  • , Eugenia Polizzi di SorrentinoAffiliated withInstitute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies, National Research Council

Synonyms

Cognitive capacities; Cognitive functions; Cognitive processes; Intellectual abilities; Intellectual capacities; Intellectual functions; Intellectual processes; Intelligence; Mental abilities; Mental capacities; Mental functions; Mental processes; Synonyms for cognition:​ Cognitive abilities; Synonyms for platyrrhines:​ Neotropical monkeys; New World monkeys; Platyrrhini

Definition

Platyrrhine cognition (from Latin cognitio which means “knowledge”) can be defined as the set of mental functions by means of which New World monkeys acquire and use information – knowledge – to solve the problems they face in their environment.

Introduction

Platyrrhines, or New World monkeys (NWM), started their independent evolution from catarrhines, or Old World monkeys (OWM), about 30–40 million years ago, when they arrived to the then island continent of South America. Living species include nonhuman primates from South and Central America. They are a very diverse group of small to medium-size species ...

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