Canine navigation refers to the process or activity of how members (either individuals or populations) of the family Canidae identify their position both temporally and spatially, and then move to follow a given route, typically to access key biological resources such as water, food, or reproductive opportunities.
Navigation is the process by which an organism identifies its location in time and space and then uses that information to permit specific movement. The ability to move in a specific direction is essential to access key biological resources such as water, food, and reproductive opportunities. Consequently, movement and navigation within a given environment are essential for survival. Navigation is also critical for species that migrate, defined as a regular, long-distance movement toward a different location, and is observed across the animal kingdom, in both terrestrial and aquatic species.
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