Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Delayed Match-to-Sample

  • Megan BroadwayEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_1736-1

Synonyms

Procedure

The delayed match-to-sample procedure (commonly abbreviated as DMTS) is a modification of the basic match-to-sample procedure (also known as match-from-sample and choice-from-sample), which was first used as early as 1799 (see Weinstein 1941). With the match-to-sample procedure, the subject is presented with a visual sample stimulus and is then also presented with two or more additional comparison stimuli, one of which matches the original stimulus. The subject must then choose the comparison stimulus that matches the original sample stimulus. The subject is usually rewarded for correct matches. With the DMTS procedure, the sample stimulus and comparison stimuli are not presented simultaneously. Instead, there is a delay between the removal of the sample stimulus and the appearance of the comparison stimuli. To begin, the subject is first shown the original sample stimulus for a specified amount of time or until the sample is touched or...

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References

  1. Hochmann, J.-R., Mody, S., & Carey, S. (2016). Infants’ representations of same and different in match- and non-match-to-sample. Cognitive Psychology, 86, 87–111.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogpsych.2016.01.005.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Kangas, B. D., Berry, M. S., & Branch, M. N. (2011). On the development and mechanics of delayed matching-to-sample performance. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 95, 221–236.  https://doi.org/10.1901/jeab.2011.95-221.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Vonk, J. (2003). Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and orangutan (Pongo abelii) understanding of first- and second-order relations. Animal Cognition, 6, 77–86.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10071-003-0159-x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Weinstein, B. (1941). Matching-from-sample by rhesus monkeys and by children. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 31, 195–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Zentall, T. R., & Smith, A. P. (2016). Delayed matching-to-sample: A tool to assess memory and other cognitive processes in pigeons. Behavioural Processes, 123, 26–42.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2015.07.002.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Louisiana at MonroeMonroeUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Stephanie Jett
    • 1
  1. 1.Georgia College & State UniversityMobileUSA