Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Canine Life History

  • Lisa J. WallisEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_1715-1


Canine life history describes the reproduction, growth, and survival patterns for species in the mammalian Canidae, a family within the Carnivora order with multiple species, including dogs, wolves, foxes, jackals, coyotes, and other dog-like mammals.


The family Canidae belongs to the suborder Caniformia, and its name comes from the Latin canis meaning “dog.” The dog-like caniforms emerged within the Carnivoramorpha 43 million years before present (Flynn and Wesley-Hunt 2005). Three subfamilies existed, but two became extinct, Hesperocyoninae (about 39.74–15 Mya) and Borophaginae (about 34–2 Mya), and the third, Caninae (about 34–0 Mya), is the only surviving subfamily. Using DNA analysis the surviving members of the Canidae family have been divided into a basal Caninae group (containing the gray fox and island fox) and two tribes, the Canini (true dogs) and Vulpini (true foxes) (Lindblad-Toh et al. 2005). Canidae are the most geographically widespread family...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EthologyEötvös Loránd University (ELTE)BudapestHungary

Section editors and affiliations

  • Sarah Dunphy-Lelii
    • 1
  1. 1.Bard CollegeAnnandale-On-HudsonUSA