Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Edward C. Tolman

  • Nancy Digdon
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_1692-1

Edward Chase Tolman (1896–1959) developed purposive behaviorism. He studied rats in mazes and the routes they chose to get to the end of the maze. The rats behaved as though they had a mental map of the maze. The rats’ performance in the maze also varied depending on whether they got desirable foods at the end of the maze.

Early Years and Education

Edward Chace Tolman was born and raised in West Newton, MA. His family was committed to humanitarian causes, social justice, and pacifism, which reflected the values of their Quaker and Unitarian Church ancestors (see Carroll 2017for a detailed biography of Tolman and his ancestors). After high school, Tolman earned a BSc in electrochemistry from Boston Tech [which is now called the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)]. He chose this program because he was good at high school math and science and because his father wanted him to get appropriate training so he could contribute to the family business, J. P. Tolman & Co., which was...

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References

  1. Carroll, D. W. (2017). Purpose and cognition: Edward Tolman and the transformation of American psychology. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Grant MacEwan UniversityEdmontonCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Shannon Digweed
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyMacEwan UniversityEdmontonCanada