Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Cylinder Task

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_1608-1

Synonyms

Definition

A task that measures inhibitory control – the ability to inhibit inappropriate or disadvantageous responses – using a reward placed within a transparent cylinder. Subjects must inhibit moving directly toward visible reward and instead reach through one of the cylinder openings at either end.

Introduction

A lioness spots a gazelle several meters away on a hill, but a line of tall savannah grass separates her from her prey. She can proceed directly toward the gazelle, but crashing through the grass would alert the prey to her presence. Alternatively, she could inhibit the impulse to run straight toward the prey and detour around the tall grass to a better location from which to launch her attack. Similarly, a subordinate chimpanzee may inhibit its desire to mate or forage when in view of a dominant conspecific but seek those opportunities when out-of-view behind a barrier. Animals face many problems that require them to inhibit an...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Beran, M. J., Savage-Rumbaugh, E. S., Pate, J. L., & Rumbaugh, D. M. (1999). Delay of gratification in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Developmental Psychobiology, 34(2), 119–127. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsfs.2016.0108.
  2. Boogert, N. J., Anderson, R. C., Peters, S., Searcy, W. A., & Nowicki, S. (2011). Song repertoire size in male song sparrows correlates with detour reaching, but not with other cognitive measures. Animal Behaviour, 81(6), 1209–1216. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2011.03.004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Boysen, S. T., & Berntson, G. G. (1995). Responses to quantity: Perceptual versus cognitive mechanisms in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 21(1), 82–86. https://doi.org/10.1037/0097-7403.21.1.82.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Diamond, A. (1981). Retrieval of an object from an open box: The development of visual-tactile control of reaching in the first year of life. Society of Research in Child Development Abstracts, 3, 78.Google Scholar
  5. Grosch, J., & Neuringer, A. (1981). Self-control in pigeons under the Mischel paradigm. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 35(1), 3–21. https://doi.org/10.1901/jeab.1981.35-3.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Kabadayi, C., Taylor, L. A., von Bayern, A. M. P., & Osvath, M. (2016). Ravens, New Caledonian crows and jackdaws parallel great apes in motor self-regulation despite smaller brains. Royal Society Open Science, 3(4), 160104. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.160104.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Köhler, W. (1925). The mentality of apes. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  8. MacLean, E. L., Sandel, A. A., Bray, J., Oldenkamp, R. E., Reddy, R. B., & Hare, B. (2013). Group size predicts social but not nonsocial cognition in lemurs. PloS ONE, 8(6), e66359. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066359.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. MacLean, E.L., Hare, B., Nunn, C.L., Addessi, E., Amici, F., Anderson, R. C., … Zhao, Y. (2014). The evolution of self-control. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(20), E2140–E2148. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1323533111.
  10. Mcculloch, T. L., & Pratt, J. G. (1934). A study of the pre-solution period in weight discrimination by white rats. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 18(2), 271–290. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0075422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Mishkin, M., & Pribram, K. H. (1955). Analysis of the effects of frontal lesions in monkeys: I. Variations of delayed alternations. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 48(6), 492. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0040318.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Piaget, J. (1954). The construction of reality in the child (Vol. xiii). New York: Basic Books. https://doi.org/10.1037/11168-000.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ramseyer, A., Pele, M., Dufour, V., Chauvin, C., & Thierry, B. (2006). Accepting loss: The temporal limits of reciprocity in brown capuchin monkeys. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 273(1583), 179–184. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2005.3300.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Nebraska-LincolnLincolnUSA
  2. 2.Center for Brain, Biology and BehaviorUniversity of Nebraska-LincolnLincolnUSA