Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Affiliative Behaviors

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_1040-1



Social behavior

Behavior that occurs among individuals of the same or different species when they interact with each other and usually provides mutual benefits to all individuals involved.

Affiliative interaction

Friendly and peaceful interactions exchanged among individuals with the function of developing, maintaining, or strengthening social bonds.

Affiliative bond

Long-term relationships established among individuals and characterized by high rates of friendly and peaceful interactions.


Animals engage in social activities that can be affected by the simple presence of other individuals around them. In some cases, the presence of others may facilitate positive social interactions – also called affiliative behaviors – but in other cases, may constrain them perhaps by increasing aggressive behaviors. The way that individuals interact affiliatively with others is based on several factors like...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nocturnal Primate Research Group. Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Humanities and Social SciencesOxford Brookes UniversityOxfordUK