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Wet Work and Occlusion

  • Dimitar Antonov
  • Sibylle Schliemann
  • Peter Elsner
  • Swen-Malte John
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Wet work includes activities where the workers:

Have their hands in a wet environment regularly for more than 2 h/day.

Must wash their hands frequently (e.g., 20 or more times per day) or intensively.

Wear waterproof gloves; the time of wearing such gloves is added to the time in a wet environment if no effective measures are taken to regenerate the skin.

The irritant factors within the generalized concept of wet work are water, detergents, water-soluble irritants and soils that are specific for the various occupations, and the mechanical factor (e.g., rubbing while cleaning or hand-washing).

Water and occlusion are themselves weak irritants but exert a tandem action to potentate the irritant effects of detergents and other factors.

Effective preventive measures can be implemented against the irritant effects of wet work.

Keywords

Wet work Occlusive gloves Epidermal barrier Irritation Irritant dermatitis 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dimitar Antonov
    • 1
  • Sibylle Schliemann
    • 1
  • Peter Elsner
    • 1
  • Swen-Malte John
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of DermatologyUniversity Hospital JenaJenaGermany
  2. 2.Department of Dermatology, Environmental Medicine and Health Theory, Institute for Health Research and EducationUniversity of OsnabrueckOsnabrueckGermany

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