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Cosmetologists

  • John Havens Cary
  • Howard I. Maibach
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Various nail cosmetic techniques are described as well as the chemical ingredients that are found in nail products.

It is estimated that 6–13% of the adverse reactions to cosmetics relate to nail polish, and most of these reactions are attributed to toluene sulfonamide formaldehyde resin (TSFR), a polymer resin that is used to improve nail adhesion and gloss.

Manicurists should be aware of the potential occupational hazards of allergic contact dermatitis and hand sensitization from sculpturing the not-yet-hardened resin with a file. Nail-elongating chemicals are reported to cause allergic contact dermatitis.

Other health effects from nail salon chemical exposure include occupational asthma, pulmonary edema, and mucosal irritation of eyes, mouth, and throat.

Prevention strategies and good work practices can reduce the risk of harming effects on cosmetologists.

Keywords

Cosmetologist Nail technician Beautician Manicurist Nail cosmetic Contact dermatitis Occupational dermatitis Dermatitis 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Louisiana State University School of MedicineNew OrleansUSA
  2. 2.Department of DermatologyUniversity of California (UCSF)San FranciscoUSA

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