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Severe Protein-Calorie Malnutrition After Bariatric Surgery

  • Reginaldo Ceneviva
  • Vivian Marques Miguel Suen
  • Camila Scalassara Campos
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Obesity is an important medical and social problem due to its severity and increasingly high prevalence, which has led to a significant increase in the number of bariatric surgeries.

Bariatric surgeries are the most efficacious treatment for obesity, leading to a recognized improvement in health and quality of life and heightened patient survival, but they may result in several complications. Protein-calorie malnutrition is a serious major complication, particularly in its severe form. Few evidence-based studies have been found in the literature, and the most relevant ones helped guide the choice of strategies and procedures.

Keywords

Obesity Bariatric surgery Roux-en-Y gastric bypass Malabsorptive bariatric procedures Postoperative support Bariatric surgery complications Malnutrition Protein-calorie malnutrition Protein-energy malnutrition Conservative treatment Medical treatment 

Abbreviations

A.S.P.E.N.

American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

AIDS

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

AL

Alimentary limb

BMI

Body mass index

BPD

Biliopancreatic diversion

BPD/DS

Biliopancreatic diversion/duodenal switch

BPL

Biliopancreatic limb

CC

Common channel

DRYGB

Distal Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

HDL-c

High-density lipoprotein-cholesterol

IFSO

International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders

LAGB

Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding

PCM

Protein-calorie malnutrition

RMR

Resting metabolic rate

RYGB

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

SG

Sleeve gastrectomy

SPCM

Severe protein-calorie malnutrition

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reginaldo Ceneviva
    • 1
  • Vivian Marques Miguel Suen
    • 2
  • Camila Scalassara Campos
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Surgery and Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão PretoUniversity of São PauloRibeirão PretoBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Medical Clinics, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão PretoUniversity of São PauloRibeirão PretoBrazil
  3. 3.Centre for Bariatric Surgery, Department of Surgery and Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão PretoUniversity of São PauloRibeirão PretoBrazil

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