Severe Protein-Calorie Malnutrition After Bariatric Surgery

  • Reginaldo CenevivaEmail author
  • Vivian Marques Miguel Suen
  • Camila Scalassara Campos
Living reference work entry


Obesity is an important medical and social problem due to its severity and increasingly high prevalence, which has led to a significant increase in the number of bariatric surgeries.

Bariatric surgeries are the most efficacious treatment for obesity, leading to a recognized improvement in health and quality of life and heightened patient survival, but they may result in several complications. Protein-calorie malnutrition is a serious major complication, particularly in its severe form. Few evidence-based studies have been found in the literature, and the most relevant ones helped guide the choice of strategies and procedures.


Obesity Bariatric surgery Roux-en-Y gastric bypass Malabsorptive bariatric procedures Postoperative support Bariatric surgery complications Malnutrition Protein-calorie malnutrition Protein-energy malnutrition Conservative treatment Medical treatment 



American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition


Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome


Alimentary limb


Body mass index


Biliopancreatic diversion


Biliopancreatic diversion/duodenal switch


Biliopancreatic limb


Common channel


Distal Roux-en-Y gastric bypass


High-density lipoprotein-cholesterol


International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders


Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding


Protein-calorie malnutrition


Resting metabolic rate


Roux-en-Y gastric bypass


Sleeve gastrectomy


Severe protein-calorie malnutrition


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reginaldo Ceneviva
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vivian Marques Miguel Suen
    • 2
  • Camila Scalassara Campos
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Surgery and Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão PretoUniversity of São PauloRibeirão PretoBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Medical Clinics, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão PretoUniversity of São PauloRibeirão PretoBrazil
  3. 3.Centre for Bariatric Surgery, Department of Surgery and Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão PretoUniversity of São PauloRibeirão PretoBrazil

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