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Complementary Food Supplements After Disasters

  • Caixia Dong
  • Shi-an Yin
Living reference work entry

Abstract

International experience has proved that even though in previously healthy population living in those areas attacked by natural disaster, elder infants and young children’s morbidity and mortality resulted from acute malnutrition often dramatically increased in very short period since they are the most nutritionally vulnerable group due to poor or limited food choices. Present paper reviews the application of complementary food supplements for elder infants and young children after natural disaster. After a serious destructive event, quickly assessing and monitoring nutritional and health status of infants and young children will be important for providing basic information to the local government to make and implement nutrition intervention to the target vulnerable groups. First, taking methods dependent on the field situation evaluate the risk of nutritional deficiency, establish an effective transportation mechanism in distributing salvage food and guide the usage of complementary food supplements in affected areas. Second, the practical experience of complementary food supplements (CFSs) in application for elder infants and young children includes multi-nutrient powder with food matrix, lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS), and corn-soy blend (CSB), and micronutrients Sprinkles. Third, it should be particularly paid attention to the issues of safety use and quality control procedures on CFSs for elder infants and young children, implementing CFSs intervention in affected-areas after natural disaster will cover two aspects which involve in hygiene and safety to meet the nutritional requirements. Hygiene is referring to the contamination of traditional microbiology and safety of nutritional needs is related to prevent nutritional deficiencies due to poor compliance and avoid excessive intake due to overuse.

Keywords

Complementary food supplements Elder infants Young children Natural disaster Nutrition Nutrition deficiencies Lipid-based nutrient supplements Corn-soy blend Sprinkles Micronutrient 

List of Abbreviations

ARI

Acute respiratory infection

CF

Complementary food

CFS

Complementary food supplement

CFs

Complementary foods

CFSs

Complementary food supplements

CRP

C-reactive protein

CSB

Corn-soy blend

DD

Diarrheal disease

FEP

Free erythrocyte proporphyrin

Hb

Hemoglobin

IDA

Iron-deficient anemia

IO

Intelligence quotient

LAZ

Length for age Z score

LNS

Lipid-based nutrient supplements

MAM

Moderate acute malnutrition

NGOs

Non-Governmental Organizations

RUSF

Ready-to-use supplementary food

RUTF

Ready-to-use therapeutic food

SAM

Severe acute malnutrition

SF

Serum ferritin

STR

Serum transferring receptor

TfR

Transferring receptor

WAZ

Weight for age Z score

WHO

World Health Organization

WHZ

Weight for height Z score

YYB

Yingyangbao, one kind of complementary food supplements in China

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chronic DiseasesGansu Center for Disease Control and PreventionLanzhou CityChina
  2. 2.Department of Maternal and Child NutritionNational Institute for Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and PreventionBeijingChina

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