Late-Life Psychosis

  • Nages Nagaratnam
  • Kujan Nagaratnam
  • Gary Cheuk
Reference work entry

Abstract

The more notable ones are delusional disorder, schizophrenia and psychosis in patients with dementia or depression. This article will focus on delusional disorder and late-onset schizophrenia. Paranoid states and schizophrenia could occur for the first time in late life, and the two conditions have been combined as late-onset schizophrenia and paranoid states.

Keywords

Delusional disorder Late-onset schizophrenia Paranoid states Psychosis 

References

  1. 1.
    Lacro JP, Jeste DV. Geriatric psychosis Psychiatric Quarterly. 1997;68(3):247–260.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kyomen HH, Whitfield TW. Psychosis in the elderly. Am J Psychiatry. 2009;166(2):146–50.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    McClure FS, Gladsjo JA, Jeste DV. Late-onset psychosis: Clinical Research and Ethical Considerations: Am J Psychiatry 2016;156(6): http://ajp.psychiatryoline.org/doi/full/10.1176/ajp.156.6.935?trendmd-shared+0.
  4. 4.
    Forsell Y, Henderson AS. Epidemiology of paranoid symptoms in the elderly population. Brit J Psychiatry. 1988;172:429–432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ostling S, Skoog I. Psychotic symptoms and paranoid ideation in non-demented population based sample of a very old. Arch Geriatr Psychiatry. 2000;59:53–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ballard CG, Chihiramohan RN, Bannister C, et al. Paranoid features in elderly with dementia. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2004;6:155–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cohen CI, Magai C,Yaffee R, Walcott-Brown L. Racial differences in paranoid ideation and psychosis in an older urban population. Am J Psychiatry. 2004;161: 864–871.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Internet Mental health. Paranoid personality disorders. website: http://www.mentalhealth.com/dis/p20-pe01.html. (accessed on 3.2.09).
  9. 9.
    Torgersen S. Epidemiology. The American Psychiatric Publications. Textbook of Personality Disorders (eds) JM Oldham, AE Skodol, DS Binda. American Psychiatric Publishing. 2005.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Berstein DP, Useda JD, Siever IJ. Paranoid personality disorder. Review of the literature and recommendations for DSM-IV. J Personality Disorders. 1983;7:53–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Stoudemire A, Riether AM. Evaluation and treatment of paranoid syndromes in the elderly: a review. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1987:9(4): 267–74.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Blazer DG, Hays JC, Salive ME. Factors associated with paranoid symptoms in a community sample of older adults. Gerontology. 1996;86:70–5.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bresset S. Paranoid Personality Disorder. Symptoms. Psychcentral.com/disorders/paranoid-personality-disorder-symptoms/.
  14. 14.
    Mojtabai R. Psychotic like experiences and interpersonal violence in the general population. Soc Psychiatr Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2006;41:183–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Berman M, Fallon AG, Coccaro F. The relationship between personality, psychopathology and aggressive behaviours in research volunteers. J Abnormal Psychology. 1998;107:651–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hales RE, Yudosfsky SC. The American Psychiatric publishing textbook of Clinical Psychiatry.4th ed Washington DC, American Psychiatry Publishing Inc. 2003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Winokur G. Delsional Disorders (Paranoia). Comprehensive Psychiatry. 1977;8(6):511–521.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    American Psychiatric Association (APA). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) 5th edition May 12, 2013.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Cummings JL. Organic delusions: Phenomenology Anatomical Correlations and Review. Brit J Psychiatry. 1985; 146:184–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Soyka M, Naber G, Volcher A. Prevalence of delusional jealousy in different psychiatric disorders. An Analysis of 93 cases. Brit J Pscychiatry. 1991;159:549–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Chin HF. Delusional jealousy in Chinese elderly psychiatric patients. J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol 1995;8:49–51.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Vogel BF. The Capgras syndrome and its phenomenology. Am J Psychiatry 1974;131:922–24.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sims C. Psychopathology of schizophrenia with special reference to delusional misidentification in: Christodoulow, G.N.(Ed) the delusional misidentification syndrome. Bibi Psychiat. 1986;164:30–39.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Spangenberg RB, Wagner MT, Buchanan DL. Neuropsychological analysis of a case of abrupt onset mirror sign following hypertensive crisis in a patient with vascular dementia. Neurocase. 1998;4:149–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Forstl H, Burns A, Jacoby R, Levy R. Neuroanatomic correlates of clinical manifestation and misperception in senile dementia of the Alzheimer type. J Clin Psychiatry. 1991;52:268–271.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Forstl H, Burns, Levy R, Cairns N. Neuroanatomic correlates of psychotic phenomena in confirmed Alzheimer’s disease. Br J Psychiatry. 1994;165:53–59.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Nagaratnam N, Irving J, Kalouche H. Misidentification in patients with dementia. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2003;37:195–202.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Nagaratnam N, Keen R, Gayagay G, Jr. The accusers in dementia Am J Alz Dis. 2006;10: 1–5.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Gelder MG, Lopez-Ibor JJ, Andreassen N. (Eds) New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry, 2000 Oxford, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Kay DWK, Roth M. Environmental and hereditary factors in the schizophrenics of old age (late paraphrenia’) and their bearing on the general problem of late onset schizophrenia. J Mental Sci. 1961;107:649–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Riecher-Rossler A, Rossler W, Forstl H, Meise U. Late-onset schizophrenia and late paraphrenia. Schizophr Bull. 1999;21930:349–54.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Almeida OP, Howard R, Forstl, Levy R. Late paraphrenia: a review. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 1992;7:543–548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Crespo-Facorro B, Piven MLS, Schultz SK. Psychosis in late life: How does it fit into current diagnostic criteria. Am J Psychiatry. 1999;156(4); http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/doi/abs/10.1176/ajp.156.4.624?trendmd-shared+0.
  34. 34.
    Maglione JE, Thomas SE, Jeste DV. Late-onset schizophrenia : Do recent studies support categorizing LOS as a subtype of schizophrenia? Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2014;27(3):173–178.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Jeste DV, Symonds LL, Harris MJ, Paulsen JS, Palmer BW, Heaton RK. Nondementia nonpraecox dementia praecox? Late-onset schizophrenia. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 1997. Fall;5(4):302–17.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Jeste DV, Harris MJ, Krull A, Kuck J, McAdams LA, Heaton R. Clinical and neuropsychological characteristics of patients with late-onset schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 1995;152(5):722–30.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Vahia IV, Palmer BW, Depp C, Fellows I, Golsham S, Kraemer HC, et al. In late-onset schizophrenia a subtype of schizophrenia? Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2010;122(5):414–26.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Convert H, Verdi C, Paulin P. Late-onset schizophrenia or chronic delusion. Encephale. 2006;32(6):957–61.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Lagodka A, Robert P. Is late-onset schizophrenia related to neurodegenerative processes? A review of literature. Encephale. 2009;35(4):386–93.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Brodaty H, Sachdev P, Rose N, Rylands K, Prenter L. Schizophrenia with onset after age 50 years. I: Phenomenology and risk factors. Br J Psychiatry. 1999;175:410–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Corey-Bloom J, Jernigan T, Archibald S, Harris MJ, Jeste DV. Quantitative MRI volume changes in late onset schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 1995;152(3):447–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Jeste DV, Dunn LB, Palmer BW, Saks E, Halpain M, Cook A, et al. A collaborative model of research on decisional capacity and informed consent in older patients with schizophrenia: bioethics of a geriatric psychiatry intervention research center. Psychopharamacology (Berl) 2003;171(1):68–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Feldman PD, Kaiser CJ, Kennedy JS, Sutton VK, Tran PV, Tollefson GD, et al. Comparison of risperidone and olanzapine in the control of negative symptoms of chronic schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders in patients aged 50–65 years. J Clin Psychiatry. 2003;64(9):998–1004.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Cooper JK, Mungas D, Weiler PG. Relation of cognitive status and abnormal behaviour in Alzheimer’s disease. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1990;38:867–870CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Swearer JM, Hooper N, Rane KJ, Drachman DA. Predicting aberrant behaviour in Alzheimer’s disease. Neuropsychiat Neurophyschol Behav Neurol.1996;9:162–170.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Nagaratnam N, Lewis-Jones M, Scott D, Palazzi L. Behavioural and psychiatric manifestations in dementia patients in a community caregiver burden and outcome. Alz Dis Asoc Disord. 1998;12:330–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Teri L, Larson EB, Reifler B. Behavioural disturbances in dementia of the Alzheimer type. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1988;109–116.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Burns A, Jacoby R, Levy L. Psychiatric phenomena in Alzheimer’s disease.: Disorders of thought. Br J Psychiatry. 1990;157:72–76.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Cummings J, Miller B, Hill M, Neshkes R. Neuropsychiatric aspects of multi-infarct dementia and dementia of the Alzheimer type. Arch Neurol. 1987;48:389–393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Nagaratnam N, Nagaratnam K. Psychiatric and behavioural aspects of dementia of the Binswanger type. Am J Alz Dis. 1998;:173–177.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Almeida OP, Howard RJ, Levy R, David AS. Psychotic states arising in late life (late paraphrenia): the role of risk factors. Br J Psychiatry. 1995;166:215–228.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Burns A, Carrick J, Ames D, et al. The cerebral cortical appearances in late-paraphrenia. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 1989;4:3134.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Nagaratnam N, Pathma-Nathan N. Behvioural and psychiatric aspects of silent cerebral infarction. Br J Clin Pract. 1997;51:160–163.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Nagaratnam, Gee R, Pathma-Nathan N. Transient morbid jealousy following pontine infarction. Eur J Int J. 1996;7:179–180.Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Nagaratmam N, Verma A, Nagaratnam K, Sahasrabudde R, Koumonkeus H, Tan PTW. Psychiatric and behavioural manifestations of normal pressure hydrocephalus. Brit J Clin Pract. 1994;48:122–124.Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Nagaratnam N, O’Neill L. Delusional parasitosis following occipito-temporal infarction. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2000;22–24.Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Combs D. Cognitive Behavioural Treatment of Delusions and Paranoia. www.brookhavenhospital.com/files/2011/09/Cognition-Behavioural-Treatment-Delusions-Paranoia,pdf
  58. 58.
    Medscape psychiatry&mental health &Journal. Treatment of mania in the elderly website. http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/4307575. Accessed 23 March 2009.
  59. 59.
    Australian Institute of health and Welfare. Prevalence impact and burden. Mental health services in Australia. http://mhsa.aihw.gov.au/background/prevalence/. Accessed on 16 January 2017.
  60. 60.
    Morgan VA, Waterreus A, Jablensky A, Mackinnon A, McGrath JJ, Carr V, et al. People living with psychotic illness 2010. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Iglewicz A, Meeks TW, Jeste DV. New wine in old bottle: Late –Life Psychosis. Psychiatr Clin North Am 2011;34(2):295–318.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nages Nagaratnam
    • 1
  • Kujan Nagaratnam
    • 1
  • Gary Cheuk
    • 2
  1. 1.The University of SydneyWestmead Clinical SchoolWestmeadAustralia
  2. 2.Rehabilitation and Aged Care ServiceBlacktown-Mt Druitt HospitalMount DruittAustralia

Personalised recommendations