Evo-Devo Lessons Learned from Honeybees
Honeybees (Apis mellifera) are hymenopteran insects of importance both economically and scientifically. Honeybees share much of the basic biology of well-studied insect models, such as Drosophila and Tribolium, but their sex determination and embryogenesis differ in important ways, which provide some understanding of the way early-acting developmental pathways evolve. Honeybees also display remarkable polyphenisms, critical to their biology. Understanding how these environmentally induced shifts in developmental trajectory occur is critical to our understanding of the evolution of environmental influences on developmental processes.
KeywordsEvolution and development Honeybee Caste development Polyphenisms
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