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Diseases of Gypsophila

Living reference work entry
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Part of the Handbook of Plant Disease Management book series (HPDM)

Abstract

G. paniculata L (“baby’s breath”) is a worldwide crop mainly used as a filler cut flower. It is commercially propagated vegetatively to preserve the ornamental characteristics of the plant. Among fungal diseases caused by soilborne pathogens, Phytophthora species and Rhizoctonia solani, due to their irreversible rotting of plants, are the most devastating Gypsophila disease worldwide. Pythium species and R. solani are especially destructive in the process of rooting cuttings. In adult plants, Fusarium species produce rotting of basal tissues resulting in death. Powdery mildew caused by Erysiphe buhrii is important on aerial parts, producing in some countries nearly 100 % of disease incidence at harvest. Crown gall has been reported in all continents, and few viruses and nematodes are cited.

Keywords

Gypsophila paniculata Phytophthora nicotianae = P. parasitica Rhizoctonia solani Powdery mildew Erysiphe buhrii Pythium root rot Fusarium stem rot Meloidogyne spp. 

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro de Investigaciones de Fitopatología (CIDEFI–UNLP–CICBA), Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias y ForestalesUniversidad Nacional de La PlataLa PlataArgentina
  2. 2.Comisión de Investigaciones Científicas de la Provincia de Buenos Aires (CICBA)La PlataArgentina
  3. 3.Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas (CONICET)Buenos AiresArgentina
  4. 4.Cátedra de Fitopatología, Facultad de Ciencias AgrariasUniversidad Nacional de RosarioZavallaArgentina
  5. 5.Cátedra de Horticultura, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias y ForestalesUniversidad Nacional de La PlataLa PlataArgentina

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