Encyclopedia of Big Data

Living Edition
| Editors: Laurie A. Schintler, Connie L. McNeely


Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-32001-4_53-1

Definition and Outlook

Cybersecurity is a broad term referring to measures taken by public and private entities, aimed at ensuring the safety of online communications and resources. In the context of big data it refers to the potential threats that any unauthorized disclosure of personal data or trade secrets might have on national, local, or global politics and economics. In the context of big data, cybersecurity refers to hardware, software, and individual skills deployed in order to mitigate risks originated by online transfer and storage of data, such as encryption technology, antivirus software, and employee training. Threats originating the need to introduce enhanced cybersecurity measures include but are not limited to targeted attacks by organized groups (hackers), acting independently or employed by private entities or governments. Such attacks are usually directed at crucial state or company resources. Cybersecurity threats include also malware designed to damage hardware...


Universal Declaration On Human Rights (UDHR) Critical Infrastructures State North Korean Attack Cybersecurity Measures Georgian Authorities 
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Further Readings

  1. Brenner, J. (2013). Glass houses: Privacy, secrecy, and cyber insecurity in a transparent world. New York: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  2. Clarke, R. A., & Knake, R. (2010). Cyber war: The next threat to national security and what to do about it. New York: Ecco.Google Scholar
  3. Deibert, R. J. (2013). Black code: Surveillance, privacy, and the dark side of the internet. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.Google Scholar
  4. DeNardis, L. (2014). The global war for internet governance. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Human Rights Council. Resolution on promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights on the Internet. UN Doc. A/HRC/20/L.13.Google Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Law, Department of International Law and International RelationsUniversity of LodzLodzPoland