Encyclopedia of Big Data

Living Edition
| Editors: Laurie A. Schintler, Connie L. McNeely

Spatial Data

  • Xiaogang MaEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-32001-4_192-1

Synonyms

Introduction

Spatial property is almost a pervasive component in the big data environment because everything happening on the Earth happens somewhere. Spatial data can be grouped into raster or vector according to the methods used in representations. Web-based services facilitate the publication and use of spatial data legacies, and the crowdsourcing approaches enable people to be both contributors and users of spatial data. Semantic technologies further enable people to link and query the spatial data available on the Web, find patterns of interest, and to use them to tackle scientific and business issues.

Raster and Vector Representations

Spatial data are representations of facts that contain positional values, and geospatial data are spatial data that are about facts happening on the surface of the Earth. Almost everything on the Earth has location properties, so geospatial data and spatial data are regarded as...

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References

  1. Athanasiou, S., Hladky, D., Giannopoulos, G., Rojas, A.G., Lehmann, J. (2014). GeoKnow: Making the web an exploratory place for geospatial knowledge. ERCIM News, 96. http://ercim-news.ercim.eu/en96/special/geoknow-making-the-web-an-exploratory-place-for-geospatial-knowledge. Accessed 29 Apr 2016.
  2. Huisman, O., & de By, R. A. (Eds.). (2009). Principles of geographic information systems. Enschede: ITC Educational Textbook Series.Google Scholar
  3. Open Geospatial Consortium (2016). About OGC. http://www.opengeospatial.org/ogc. Accessed 29 Apr 2016.
  4. Steiniger, S., & Hunter, A. J. S. (2013). The 2012 free and open source GIS software map: A guide to facilitate research, development, and adoption. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 39, 136–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science, University of IdahoMoscowUSA