Encyclopedia of Big Data

Living Edition
| Editors: Laurie A. Schintler, Connie L. McNeely

Pollution, Land

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-32001-4_168-1
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Pollution, in its all types (air, water, land), means the entrance of some substances beyond the threshold concentration level into the natural environment which do not naturally belong there and not present there, resulting in its destruction and causing harmful effects on both humans/all living organisms and the environment. So, in land pollution as well, solid or liquid waste materials get deposited on land and further degrade and deteriorate the quality and the productive capacity of land surface. It is sometimes used as a substitute of/or together with soil pollution where the upper layer of the soil is destroyed. However, in fact, soil pollution is just one of the causes of the land pollution.

Like the other types, land pollution also arises as a global environmental problem, specifically associated with urbanization and industrialization, that should be dealt with globally concerted environmental policies. However, as a first and foremost step, it requires to be understood very...

Keywords

Geographic Information System Soil Erosion Geographic Information System Soil Pollution Community Garden 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Further Readings

  1. Alloway, B. J. (2001). Soil pollution and land contamination. In R. M. Harrison (Ed.), Pollution: Causes, effects and control (pp. 352–377). Cambridge: The Royal Society of Chemistry.Google Scholar
  2. Boyd, D. (2010). Privacy and publicity in the context of big data. WWW Conference, Raleigh, 29 Apr 2010. Retrieved from http://www.danah.org/papers/talks/2010/WWW2010.html. Accessed 3 Feb 2017.
  3. Boyd, D., & Crawford, K. (2012). Critical questions for big data, information, communication & society. 15(5), 662–679. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1369118X.2012.678878. Accessed 3 Feb 2017.
  4. De Mauro, A., Greco, M., & Grimaldi, M. (2016). A formal definition of big data based on its essential features. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299379163_A_formal_definition_of_Big_Data_based_on_its_essential_features. Accessed 3 Feb 2017.
  5. Environmental Law Institute (ELI). (2014). Big data and environmental protection: An initial survey of public and private initiatives. Washington, DC: Environmental Law Institute. Retrieved from https://www.eli.org/sites/default/files/eli-pubs/big-data-and-environmental-protection.pdf. Accessed 3 Feb 2017.Google Scholar
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  7. Forte Wares. Failure to launch: From big data to big decisions why velocity, variety and volume is not improving decision making and how to fix it. White Paper. A Forte Consultancy Group Company. Retrieved from http://www.fortewares.com/Administrator/userfiles/Banner/forte-wares--pro-active-reporting_EN.pdf. Accessed 3 Feb 2017.
  8. Hill, M. K. (2004). Understanding environmental pollution. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Keeso, A. (2014). Big data and environmental sustainability: A conversation starter. Smith School Working Paper Series, Dec 2014, Working paper 14-04. Retrieved from http://www.smithschool.ox.ac.uk/library/working-papers/workingpaper%2014-04.pdf. Accessed 3 Feb 2017.
  10. Mayer-Schönberger, V., & Cukier, K. (2013). Big data: A revolution that will transform how we live, work and think. London: John Murray.Google Scholar
  11. Mirsal, I. A. (2008). Soil pollution, origin, monitoring & remediation. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  12. Raven, P. H., & Berg, L. R. (2006). Environment. Danvers: Wiley.Google Scholar
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of International Relations, Sub-Department of International Law, Faculty of Economics and Administrative SciencesSelçuk UniversityKonyaTurkey