Military Coups and Military Disengagement

Living reference work entry

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A coup d’état is the sudden, often violent, overthrow of an existing government by a small group, and it usually refers to military coup.

A military coup is “the removal or the attempted removal of a state’s chief executive by the regular armed forces through the use of threat of force” (Thompson 1973, p. 6).

Military Coups

The military coup d’états have accounted for nearly 200 regime changes in the developing world, making it the most common method of regime change in the post-World War II era (David 1991, pp. 238–239). Between 1945 and 1976, Nordlinger (1977, p. xi) estimated more than two thirds of the countries of Latin America, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East had experienced varying levels of military intervention. According to Ruth Leger Sivard’s study (1986, p. 24), a majority of third world countries were characterized by military controlled governments in 1985, nearly half...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political Science and International RelationsFenerbahçe UniversityİstanbulTurkey