Living Lab

  • Rianne DekkerEmail author
  • Albert Meijer
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31816-5_3981-1

Synonyms

Definition

Living labs are a research and design methodology applied by research institutes in cooperation with public and private partners for developing and testing innovations in co-creation with users in real-life settings.

Introduction

Living lab refers to both a methodology to experimentation and innovation and the physical spaces in which this is situated. The methodology helps tackling problems at hand by designing and testing of new solutions. “Living labs” or “living laboratories” were originally developed for technological innovation in the 1990s. Since the 2000s, living labs have been an emerging practice in the social sciences, focusing on social innovation. Surprisingly, public administration research has paid scant attention to living labs to date.

An obvious obstacle to application of a living lab approach in public administration research is the lack of conceptual and methodological clarity (cf....

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Almirall E, Wareham J (2011) Living labs: arbiters of mid- and ground-level innovation. Tech Anal Strat Manag 23:87–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bason C (2016) Design for policy. Routledge, OxonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bergvall-Kåreborn B, Ståhlbröst A (2009) Living Lab: an open and citizen-centric approach for innovation. Int J Innov Reg Dev 1(4):356–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dekker R, Franco Contreras JS, Meijer AJ (2019) The living lab as a methodology for public administration research: a systematic literature review of its applications in the social sciences. Int J Public Adm, early view onlineGoogle Scholar
  5. Følstad A (2008) Living labs for innovation and development of communication technology: A literature review. Electron J Virtual Organ Netw 10:99–131Google Scholar
  6. McGann M, Blomkamp E, Lewis JM (2018) The rise of public sector innovation labs: experiments in design thinking for policy. Policy Sci 51(3):249–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Perry JL (2012) How can we improve our science to generate more usable knowledge for public professionals? Public Adm Rev 72(4):479–482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Pollitt C (2017) Public administration research since 1980: slipping away from the real world? Int J Public Sect Manag 30(6–7):555–565CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Sabel CF, Zeitlin J (2012) Experimentalist governance. In: Levi-Faur D (ed) The Oxford handbook of governance. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 169–183Google Scholar
  10. Tõnurist P, Kattel R, Lember V (2017) Innovation labs in the public sector: what they are and what they do? Public Manag Rev 19(10):1455–1479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Van Geenhuizen M (2013) From ivory tower to living lab: accelerating the use of university knowledge. Environ Plann C Gov Policy 31(6):1115–1132CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Utrecht University School of GovernanceUtrechtThe Netherlands