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Decentralizing governance is the process of promoting the role and enhancing the status of – principally – formal subnational institutions, namely local and regional authorities, in the policy process, by transferring responsibilities and – financial and human – resources from central state authorities to them.
Since 1990 onwards, the term “governance” has become a highly popular one (for an etymology and genealogy see: Jessop 1998, pp. 30–31). However, there has not been a single definition of the concept so far; instead, various uses have been proposed (Rhodes 1996). Generally, it has been suggested that the concept denotes “a change in the meaning of government” which allows for “a new process of governing, or a changed condition of ordered rule; or the new method by which society is governed” (Rhodes 1996, pp. 652–653; italics in original). In the same vein, it has been argued that it...
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