Historical Analysis of Third Sector
The third sector is an umbrella term that covers a range of different nongovernmental nonprofit organizations with different structures and purposes, belonging neither to the public sector (i.e., the state) nor to the private sector (profit-making private enterprise).
Nonprofit organizations play an important and irreplaceable role in building a civil society. There has been a considerable surge of interest throughout the world in a broad range of organizations that operate outside the market and the state. Known variously as the nonprofit, nongovernmental, voluntary, civil society, third, or independent sector, organizations that can demonstrate that their activities generate a public benefit or common social good exist in some form of special incorporation or registration in every country (Casey 2016).
In recent decades, the activity and influence of...
- Hansmann H (1987) Economic theories of nonprofit organization. In: Powell W (ed) The nonprofit sector: a research handbook. Yale University Press, New Haven, pp 27–42Google Scholar
- James E (1987) The nonprofit sector in comparative perspective. In: Powell WW, Steinberg R (eds) The nonprofit sector: a research handbook. Yale University Press, Yale, pp 398–399Google Scholar
- Kramer RM (1981) Voluntary agencies in the welfare state. University of California Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
- Salamon LM (1987) Of market failure, voluntary failure, and third-party government: toward a theory of government-nonprofit relations in the modern welfare state. Nonprofit Volunt Sect Q 16(1–2):29–49Google Scholar
- Salamon LM, Anheier HK (1998) Nonprofit institutions and the 1993 system of national accounts. Johns Hopkins University Institute for Policy Studies, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
- United Nations Statistical Division (2003) Handbook on non-profit institutions in the system of national accounts, vol 91. United Nations Publications, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Weisbrod BA (1977) The voluntary nonprofit sector. Lexington Books, LexingtonGoogle Scholar