Public-Private Partnership, Brazil
Public-private partnerships (PPP) are organizational arrangements involving private actors in the delivery of public services. PPP situates between full privatization and direct government provision.
Public-Private Partnerships in Brazil: Past and Present
Like other developed and developing countries around the globe, in the past few decades, Brazilian authorities have been sponsoring increased participation of private actors in several economic and social activities. This movement started in the second half of the years 1980s with the first wave of divestitures of state-owned enterprises in pulp, mining, and metal industries and continued in the years 1990s in petrochemical, air space, defense, and civil aviation industries. Brazil was not also immune to the so-called New Public Management (NPM) principles. During the 1990s multilateral agencies such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund – in conjunction with Brazilian local authorities more sympathetic to a...
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