Public Employment During Budget Crises

Living reference work entry



The US Census of Government defines public sector full-time employees as those persons whose work hours represent full-time employment with their employing government.


State fiscal stress and budget deficits have been recurring problems over the past 30 years. In December of 2008, the National Bureau of Economic Research officially declared that the United States was in an economic recession after a 6-year period of economic expansion that began in November of 2001. Unlike prior economic recessions, the Great Recession of 2008–2009 severely strained state budgets starting in fiscal year 2009 and is likely to influence state governments’ short-term financial health and long-term economic outlook. Given the severity of the Great Recession of 2008 and the balanced budget requirements that nearly all states face, almost every state needed to pursue certain strategies to cover fiscal deficits, balance the...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Public AdministrationUniversity of North TexasDentonUSA