Public Sector Reforms in Central Asia

  • Colin KnoxEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31816-5_3656-1

Synonyms

The Context

Central Asia is located at the heart of the Eurasian continent and has a population of some 73 m people. It comprises five republics which gained their independence following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Central Asia is landlocked between Russia in the North, China to its East, and Iran and Afghanistan in the South, although Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan border the Caspian Sea, which is not an open sea. Its large energy reserves and location in Eurasia has made Central Asia an important geopolitical player. Russian interests in the region are exemplified through the Eurasian Economic Union (modeled on the European Economic Community; EU, 2016) which was formed in 2000 to promote economic integration between Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and subsequently Uzbekistan (in 2006). China’s interests...
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Amagoh F (2011) New public management and health reform in Kazakhstan. Int J Public Adm 34(9):567–578CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aminova M, Jegers M (2011) Informal structures and governance processes in transition economies: the case of Uzbekistan. Int J Public Adm 34(9):579–590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baimyrzaeva M (2011) Kyrgyzstan’s public sector reforms: 1991–2010. Int J Public Adm 34(9):555–566CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Batsaikhan U, Dabrowski M (2017) Central Asia: twenty-five years after the breakup of the USSR. Russ J Econ 3:296–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bertelsmann Stiftung Transformation Reports (2018). https://www.bti-project.org/en/reports/country-reports/
  6. Bhuiyan SH (2011) Trajectories of E-government implementation for public sector service delivery in Kazakhstan. Int J Public Adm 34(9):604–615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dixon J, Common R (2011) Symposium edition: public sector reform in Central Asia. Int J Public Adm 34(9):553–554CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. European Union Directorate-General For External Policies, Policy Department (2016) The EU in Central Asia: the regional context. European Parliament, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  9. Human Rights Watch (2019) Turkmenistan: events of 2018. Accessible at: https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2019/country-chapters/turkmenistan
  10. Janenova S, Suk Kim P (2016) Innovating public service delivery in transitional countries: the case of one-stop shops in Kazakhstan. Int J Public Adm 39(4):323–333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kassen M (2018) Building digital state: understanding two decades of evolution in Kazakh e-government project. Online Inf Rev.  https://doi.org/10.1108/OIR-03-2018-0100
  12. Kaufmann D, Kraay A, Mastruzzi M. Worldwide Governance Indicators. http://info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi/#reports
  13. Knox C (2019) Public sector reform in Central Asia and the Caucasus. Int J Public Adm 42(2):168–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ritz A, Voegtli F (2011) Public-sector reform initiatives in development cooperation: a case study of the Kyrgyz rural advisory service. Int J Public Adm 34(9):591–603CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Public PolicyNazarbayev UniversityAstanaKazakhstan
  2. 2.Ulster UniversityBelfastUK