Public Sector Reforms in Central Asia

  • Colin KnoxEmail author
Living reference work entry


The Context

Central Asia is located at the heart of the Eurasian continent and has a population of some 73 m people. It comprises five republics which gained their independence following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Central Asia is landlocked between Russia in the North, China to its East, and Iran and Afghanistan in the South, although Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan border the Caspian Sea, which is not an open sea. Its large energy reserves and location in Eurasia has made Central Asia an important geopolitical player. Russian interests in the region are exemplified through the Eurasian Economic Union (modeled on the European Economic Community; EU, 2016) which was formed in 2000 to promote economic integration between Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and subsequently Uzbekistan (in 2006). China’s interests...
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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Public PolicyNazarbayev UniversityAstanaKazakhstan
  2. 2.Ulster UniversityBelfastUK