Civil Service Reforms and Governance Challenges in Nigeria

  • Ogbewere Bankole Ijewereme
Living reference work entry



Civil service: The term civil service is often used as the machinery of government or institution of the state, and it is synonymous with bureaucracy or government in Britain and in most Commonwealth countries. In the British conception, which has in fact become universal, the term civil service is used in two major perspectives. First, it refers to a group of permanent officers appointed or recruited to assist the political officeholders in formulating and implementing government’s policies. These officials are referred to as civil servants who work in the civil service or public service. In the second perspective, the term means ministries and departments within which the tasks of government are executed.

Public service: The term public service is broader and more inclusive. The first definition is that public service refers...

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© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ogbewere Bankole Ijewereme
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Public AdministrationObafemi Awolowo UniversityIle-IfeNigeria