Professionalism and Professionalization in Russia

  • Roman Abramov
  • Elena Iarskaia-Smirnova
Living reference work entry

Later version available View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31816-5_3100-1

Synonyms

Definitions

Professionalizationmay be considered in several dimensions. First, as a positive and progressive force that fosters social change in ways that minimize social conflict and disintegration. Second, as a complex historic process, a connected sequence of events, as a result of which an occupation acquires a certain set of attributes. Third, as a professional socialization in workplaces, relationships in the everyday life of occupations, and their meanings in working routine and in wider contexts. Fourth, as the project whereby a distinct occupational group seeks to gain a monopoly control of competence and credibility with the public and, as a result, to secure an increase in income, power, and prestige. Fifth, as wide changes...

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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyNational Research University ‘Higher School of Economics’MoscowRussia