Education Reform and Governance

  • Amélia Veiga
Living reference work entry


Introduction: Definitions

The idea of reform of social systems is associated with the achievement of desirable policy goals and is future oriented. This is the case of education reforms which are planned changes in the way education systems and institutions develop and deliver education.

Education reforms involve the changing of relationships between the state and the national education systems, and institutions. The shift from the concept of governing to governance is of utmost importance. Governance emerged in the context of corporate governance and was appropriated by both the neo-liberal assumptions (Kjaer 2010b) on the retreat of state control and dissemination of models of “good governance” induced by international organizations (World Bank 1992; OECD 1995; European Commission 2001). The tendency to subsume governing to governance (Rosenau and Czempiel 2000;...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Psychology and Education SciencesUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Centre for Research and Intervention in Education (CIIE)PortoPortugal