Comparative Models of Inquiry

  • Mario Coccia
  • Igor Benati
Living reference work entry



Models of inquiry are methods of organized and systematic scientific process used by scholars for controlled investigations and experiments to logically and efficiently solve theoretical and practical problems, and generate whenever possible discoveries and/or science advances. Comparative is a concept that derives from the verb “to compare” (Latin comparare, derivation of par = equal, with prefix com-) and is a systematic comparison, in this case, of the models of inquiry.


Methods of scientific inquiry are important patterns to understand scientific problems and explain causes of natural phenomena and social issues (cf., Coccia and Benati 2018; Coccia 2017a, b). They generally aim to obtain new knowledge in the form of testable explanations, conjectures, and generalizations that scientists can use to explain and predict phenomena in nature and society (Kaplan 2009). The main elements of the methods of...

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CNR – National Research Council of ItalyTorinoItaly
  2. 2.Arizona State UniversityTempeUSA