Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Intelligence-Personality Associations

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_991-1




Intelligence-personality associations refer to theoretical and empirical relationships that exist between intelligence, which is the ability to learn and adapt, and personality traits which describe characteristic patterns to feel, think, and behave.


Intelligence and personality are the two psychological characteristics or construct dimensions that account for the majority of differences that occur between people in behavior, development, and life outcomes. Intelligence, defined as the ability to learn and adapt, describes individual differences in maximum performance or what a person can do. Accordingly when measuring intelligence, test takers are instructed to do their best to identify the correct response to a question or the right solution for a task. By contrast, personality refers to the variance in those behavioral tendencies that predict what a person will typically do. Thus, personality tests ask for candid and truthful responses about...


Personality Trait Intelligence Test Fluid Intelligence Learning Achievement High Intelligence 
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Goldsmiths University of LondonLondonUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Charlie Reeve
    • 1
  1. 1.University of North Carolina-CharlotteCharlotteUSA