Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Connectionist Networks

  • Robert Stufflebeam
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_972-1

Synonyms

Definition

“Connectionism” is the name for the computer modeling approach to information processing based on how networks of interconnected neurons in the brain process information. “Connectionist networks” (or artificial neural networks) are computer models based on the nonsymbolic, parallel, distributed type of computation that occurs in neural networks.

Introduction

Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary study of intelligent systems and the processing that produces behavior. Since intelligent systems include every sort of mental, sensory, linguistic, or purposeful behavior that arises from information processing, cognitive scientists study all manner of natural and artificial “things” capable of knowledge, thought, language, perception, etc. One of the main methods in cognitive science is computer modeling. Whether as a means of understanding and explaining how human or other “natural” minds work,...

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References

  1. Bechtel, W., & Abrahamsen, A. (1991). Connectionism and the mind: An introduction to parallel processing in networks. Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
  2. Churchland, P. M. (1989). A neurocomputational perspective: The nature of mind and the structure of science. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  3. Churchland, P. S., & Sejnowski, T. J. (1992). The computational brain. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
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  6. Ramsey, W., Stich, S. P., & Rumelhart, D. E. (Eds.). (1991). Philosophy and connectionist theory. Hillsdale: Lawerence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  7. Rumelhart, D. E., McClelland, J. L., & The PDP Research Group (Eds.). (1986). Parallel distributed processing: Explorations in the microstructure of cognition (Vol. 1). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  8. Stufflebeam, R. S. (1995). Representations, explanations, and PDP: Is representation-talk really necessary? Informatica, 19(4), 599–613.Google Scholar
  9. Stufflebeam, R. S. (1998). Representation and computation. In W. Bechtel & G. Graham (Eds.), A companion to cognitive science (pp. 636–648). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  10. Stufflebeam, R. S. (2006). Connectionism: An introduction. The Mind Project. www.mind.ilstu.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of History and PhilosophyUniversity of New OrleansNew OrleansUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Mariangely Melendez-Torres
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Southern MississippiHattiesburgUSA