Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Projective Tests

  • Joni L. MihuraEmail author
  • Emily A. Meadows
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_839-1

Synonyms

Definition

Traditionally, personality tests have been dichotomized into two categories: projective and objective personality tests. Projective tests are a group of personality tests that work by allowing the person who takes the test to illustrate aspects of their personality through taking the test, whereas Objective tests are self-report questionnaires. The term “projective” in projective tests refers to the tendency for people to filter their interpretations of the world through their own psychology. Projective tests capitalize on this tendency by providing a wide latitude for how a person can respond to semi-ambiguous stimuli or instructions. Popular projective methods include the Rorschach Inkblot Test, Thematic Apperception Test, sentence completion tests, and figure drawings. Contemporary personality assessment experts use terminology such as performance personality tests...

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Notes

Acknowledgment

The first author (Joni L Mihura) receives royalties from a psychological test (R-PAS; Meyer et al., 2011) and associated products.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of ToledoToledoUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Patrizia Velotti
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Educational SciencesUniversity of GenoaGenoaItaly
  2. 2.Sapienza University of RomeRomeItaly