Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Emotional Expressivity Scale

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_812-1



A 17-item self-report measure of emotional expressiveness.


The self-report Emotional Expressivity Scale (EES) was developed and validated by Kring et al. (1994). The emotional expressiveness assessed via this scale is conceptualized as outward display of emotion in general, regardless of the content of emotion and the way it expressed (i.e., verbal or facial). Based on the general construct of emotional expressiveness, the EES aims to assess the extent of expressed emotions across diversified channels. The EES is a 17-item checklist rated by a 6-point Likert scale, with higher score indicating higher level of emotional expression.

Psychometric Properties

The EES was supposed to comprise a unifactorial structure and was later supported by both exploratory factor analysis (EFA) (Dobbs et al. 2007; Gross and John 1998) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) (Dobbs et al. 2007). The EES...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Neuropsychology and Applied Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, CAS Key Laboratory of Mental HealthInstitute of PsychologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyThe University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

Section editors and affiliations

  • Patrizia Velotti
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Educational SciencesUniversity of GenoaGenoaItaly
  2. 2.Sapienza University of RomeRomeItaly