Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Emotion Regulation

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_811-1



Emotion regulation refers to the conscious or unconscious processes of monitoring, evaluating, modulating, and managing emotional experiences and expression of emotion in terms of intensity, form, and duration of feelings, emotion-related physiological states and behaviors.


In order to function in society, in which we are exposed daily to situations in which uncontrolled expression of emotions are not accepted, it is essential to regulate our emotions. Emotion regulation refers to all the processes involved in shaping which emotions one experiences, when emotions are experienced, and how these emotions are experienced and expressed (Gross 2015). In science as well as in day-to-day conversation, the scope of emotion regulation is often limited to suppressing negative emotions (Kashdan et al. 2015). However, emotion regulation...


Emotion Regulation Strategies Emotional Dysregulation Antecedent-focused Regulation Fast-evolving Field 
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The author thanks T. A. J. van Gestel for reviewing and editing an earlier version of this chapter.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Education and Child StudiesErasmus University RotterdamRotterdamThe Netherlands

Section editors and affiliations

  • Patrizia Velotti
    • 1
  1. 1.Sapienza University of RomeRomeItaly