Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_810-1



Emotion regulation is a key process aimed to answer flexibly to environmental requests and challenges in a vital way for adaptation. It is a multidimensional process that comprehends monitoring, evaluation, and behavioral modification of psychophysical states (Thompson and Calkins 1996). Research has shown that individuals differ in their habitual use of emotion regulation strategies, and that these differences have consequences for multiple domains of psychological adjustment (Balzarotti et al. 2016). However, in relevant clinical condition, the capacity to regulate emotions appears to be critically compromised (Garofalo and Velotti 2015).

The Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS; Gratz and Roemer 2004) is a self-report measure that evaluates individuals’ levels of difficulties in regulating emotions. The instrument presents 36-item on a 5-point Likert scale of...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Educational SciencesUniversity of GenoaGenoaItaly
  2. 2.Sapienza University of RomeRomeItaly

Section editors and affiliations

  • Patrizia Velotti
    • 1
  1. 1.Sapienza University of RomeRomeItaly