Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Disclosure Reciprocity

  • Beatriz Lopez Portillo
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_653-1

Synonyms

Definition

Disclosure reciprocity, better known as self-disclosure reciprocity, is the process by which an individual unveils personal information as a response to the disclosure of another individual – in the same amount and intimacy (Derlega et al. 1973). This process does not necessarily occur in a turn-by-turn form, but it can rather affect positively in a long term the relationship’s disclosure levels.

Introduction

A key element of socialization is self-disclosure. It can be defined as a process through which an individual reveals personal information (e.g., thoughts and feelings) to another individual, which not only elicits distinct types of social relationships but also aids to their maintenance, e.g., friendships, family, partners, and working colleagues (Meuwly and Schoebi 2017).

As any other communication process, self-disclosure has two important dimensions that let researchers understand its impact in...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Derlega, V. J., Harris, M. S., & Chaikin, A. L. (1973). Self-disclosure reciprocity, liking and the deviant. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 9(4), 277–284.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1031(73)90065-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dindia, K. (2002). Self-disclosure research: Knowledge through meta-analyses. In M. Allen, R. W. Preiss, B. M. Gagle, & N. Burrell (Eds.), Interpersonal communication: Advances through meta-analyses (pp. 169–186). Mahwah: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  3. Greene, K., Derlega, V. J., & Mathews, A. (2006). Self-disclosure in personal relationships. In A. L. Vangelisti & D. Perlman (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of personal relationships (pp. 409–427). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hill, C. T., & Stull, D. E. (1982). Disclosure reciprocity: Conceptual and measurement issues. Social Psychology Quarterly, 45(4), 238–244 Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/3033919.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Meuwly, N., & Schoebi, D. (2017). Social psychological and related theories on long-term committed romantic relationships. Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences, 11(2), 106–120.  https://doi.org/10.1037/ebs0000088.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Miller, L. C., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). Reciprocity of self-disclosure at the individual and dyadic levels: A social relations analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50(4), 713.  https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.50.4.713.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Sprecher, S., & Treger, S. (2015). The benefits of turn-taking reciprocal self-disclosure in get-acquainted interactions. Personal Relationships, 22(3), 460–475.  https://doi.org/10.1111/pere.12090.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Sprecher, S., Treger, S., Wondra, J. D., Hilaire, N., & Wallpe, K. (2013). Taking turns: Reciprocal self-disclosure promotes liking in initial interactions. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 860–866.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2013.03.017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Taylor, D. A., & Belgrave, F. Z. (1986). The effects of perceived intimacy and valence on self-disclosure reciprocity. Personality and Social Bulletin, 12(2), 247–255.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167286122011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beatriz Lopez Portillo
    • 1
  1. 1.School of PsychologyThe University of SydneyCamperdownAustralia

Section editors and affiliations

  • John F. Rauthmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA