Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Disclosure Reciprocity

  • Beatriz Lopez Portillo
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_653-1



Disclosure reciprocity, better known as self-disclosure reciprocity, is the process by which an individual unveils personal information as a response to the disclosure of another individual – in the same amount and intimacy (Derlega et al. 1973). This process does not necessarily occur in a turn-by-turn form, but it can rather affect positively in a long term the relationship’s disclosure levels.


A key element of socialization is self-disclosure. It can be defined as a process through which an individual reveals personal information (e.g., thoughts and feelings) to another individual, which not only elicits distinct types of social relationships but also aids to their maintenance, e.g., friendships, family, partners, and working colleagues (Meuwly and Schoebi 2017).

As any other communication process, self-disclosure has two important dimensions that let researchers understand its impact in...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beatriz Lopez Portillo
    • 1
  1. 1.School of PsychologyThe University of SydneyCamperdownAustralia

Section editors and affiliations

  • John F. Rauthmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA