Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Desire

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_501-1

Synonyms

Definition

Desires are motivations that “propel us to approach certain stimuli in our environment and engage in activities with them that provide us with a relative gain in immediate pleasure (including relief from discomfort)” (Hofmann et al. 2015, p. 62).

Introduction

In our everyday lives, people frequently experience desires that spur human behaviors (Hofmann et al. 2012c). Desires can be broadly conceptualized as all wishes, wants, or aspirations one holds. A reasonably narrow definition of desire conceptualizes desire as appetitive desires which refer to motivations that drive us to approach certain stimuli in the environment or to engage in certain activities which promise pleasure or relief from displeasure or discomfort (Hofmann et al. 2015). Hence, in contrast to general motives (such as self-actualization motives or implicit motives), desires are more specific and refer to certain objects, people, or activities...

Keywords

Internal Factor Ecological Momentary Assessment Implicit Motive Drug Craving Drug Relapse 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Ghoniem, A., & Hofmann, W. (2016a). An interactive model of desire emergence: How stimulus properties, need states and learning history interact in eliciting desire. Manuscript in preparation.Google Scholar
  2. Ghoniem, A., & Hofmann, W. (2016b). When lacking self-control isn’t bad: How individuals’ value temptations and its effects on self-control. Manuscript in preparation.Google Scholar
  3. Hofmann, W., & Van Dillen, L. (2012). Desire: The new hot spot in self-control research. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21(5), 317–322. doi:10.1177/0963721412453587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Social Cognition Center CologneUniversity of CologneCologneGermany