Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Personality in Special Populations: Insights from Schizophrenia

  • Zahra KhalesiEmail author
  • Louis A. Schmidt
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_2338-1

Introduction

The discussion of personality in special populations has a long and rich history (e.g., Jung 1939), particularly in relation to one specific special population: individuals with schizophrenia. Researchers have queried which, if any, personality factors can contribute to the development and maintenance of schizophrenia pathology (e.g., Andersen and Bienvenu 2011; Simonson and Newton-Howes 2018).

Personality constructs are often viewed as a lens by which individuals view and react to the world. They reflect a characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and behaving in response to external situations (Andersen and Bienvenu 2011). These personality constructs are thought to be in part genetically determined and relatively stable throughout adulthood. Temperament (e.g., shyness and sociability) represents the early features of personality that are present at birth and can be considered as the building blocks to personality traits (Mathewson et al. 2017). Personality can be...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Neuroscience & BehaviorMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Virgil Zeigler-Hill
    • 1
  1. 1.Oakland UniversityRochesterUSA