Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Multidimensional Self-Concept

  • A. Katrin Arens
  • Isabelle Schmidt
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_2333-1



Self-concept is defined as an individual’s self-perceptions. Contemporary self-concept research and theory assume that individuals establish self-concepts in relation to different domains, making self-concept a multidimensional construct. The multidimensionality of self-concept was formulated in the model by Shavelson et al. (1976) and has been extensively empirically validated in the last decades. Respective findings have led to the development of instruments considering the domain specificity of self-concept and inspired research on the development of a multidimensional self-concept and on group differences in the mean levels of multiple self-concept facets. Multidimensionality primarily reflects the separation of self-concept into domain-specific facets; yet, the conceptualization of multidimensionality might also be used in extended ways addressing an even more fine-grained separation of...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DIPF|Leibniz Institute for Research and Information in EducationFrankfurtGermany
  2. 2.University of TrierTrierGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Virgil Zeigler-Hill
    • 1
  1. 1.Oakland UniversityRochesterUSA